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The Action Thread Part Two

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220,000 people signed a petition by @KatiePrice about #OnlineAbuseasking for it to be made a crime. Mencap supported the petition.

We are pleased to see the Committee’s have created a report in response. The Committee want to know what you think of their ideas by the 20th September. To share your thoughts visit - http://bit.ly/2KuJAel

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CIUDADANÍA

“Los perros tenían más derechos” dice una sobreviviente de esclavitud

A casi 17 años de haber escapado, Flor Molina cuenta su historia.

Por Ramon Taylor

Traducción: Erica Sánchez

NUEVA YORK - "En este país, los perros tienen más derechos que usted".

 

Esas son las palabras que un traficante de Los Angeles utilizó para deshumanizar a Flor Molina, una inmigrante de Puebla, México, después de mantenerla encerrada en una fábrica de costura en enero de 2002.

 

Casi 17 años después de su escape, la historia de Molina es la de una sobreviviente que ha superado grandes obstáculos para convertirse en una defensora de las víctimas del tráfico laboral. Esta historia muestra también lo vulnerables que sigue siendo los inmigrantes en 2018.

 

Recientemente la organización de defensa dedicada a la erradicación del tráfico mundial de personas, Free the Slaves, honró a Molina en la ciudad de Nueva York con el Premio Fashion for Freedom 2018, un tributo a su defensa de las víctimas del tráfico laboral y al "movimiento de consumo consciente" en la industria de la moda ética, según Allie Gardner, gerente de proyectos especiales de Free the Slaves.

 

 

En una entrevista con Voice Of America, Molina dijo que el premio fue una oportunidad para honrar a otros sobrevivientes que "no pueden hablar".

 

"Puedo hablar, entonces estoy aquí representándolos", dijo.

 

Encerrada en la fábrica

En ese primer invierno de California, Molina sufrió abusos verbales y físicos a manos de su "jefa", una mujer que describió a VOA como vieja y manipuladora. La "jefa" obligó a Molina a comenzar a contrabandear a los 26 años de edad en los Estados Unidos.

 

En la primera semana de los deberes de Molina, su traficante decidió que arreglar el viaje y el alojamiento de Molina le estaba haciendo perder el tiempo, y que sería mejor si Molina dormía en la fábrica. Allí no había ducha y se le negó una muda de ropa. También se le prohibió salir o hablar con alguien más en el edificio.

 

"Te quitan lo que te hace sentir bien por ti", dijo Molina, describiendo su experiencia. "Ella comenzó a tirar de mi cabello, pellizcándome, abofeteándome, haciéndome sentir mal sobre mi origen todo el tiempo. Haciéndome sentir que no tenía ningún valor".

 

Desorientada y humillada, las primeras semanas de Molina en la famosa "tierra de los libres" consistían en una comida por día, turnos de más de 18 horas de trabajo y cero comunicación con su familia. Dormía sobre un colchón compartido en una pequeña sala de almacenamiento, junto a vestidos finamente diseñados que aparentemente valían más que su dignidad.

 

 

Flor Molina @CASTLA tells terrifying story of being sold into slavery & forced to work 18 hour days w no break - Human Rights Speaker Series

 
 

"Mientras la esclavitud siga existiendo, corremos el riesgo de tener al esclavo al lado, que el esclavo sea la persona que nos está sirviendo. Y no creo que ningún estadounidense decente quiera ser parte de eso", dijo Middleberg.

 

De sobreviviente a defensora

Antes de irse de México, Molina sufría de depresión, debido a la muerte de su hijo recién nacido después de un embarazo de alto riesgo. Incapaz de pagar los gastos de hospital, determinó que encontraría la manera de cuidar a su madre y sus otros tres hijos. Se sintió atraída por una "oportunidad", que pensó que la ayudaría a cumplir su sueño de ser dueña de un negocio de costura.

 

Al principio, ella le entregó sus documentos de identificación al traficante, "por su seguridad". Cuando las condiciones empeoraron en la fábrica, el traficante le advirtió que nadie creería su historia. Después de todo, ella era una latina indocumentada, y no conocía a nadie fuera de la fábrica.

 

Después de pedir incesantemente permiso para asistir a la iglesia, combinado con gestos laboriosos para demostrar que "se merecía" la oportunidad, a Molina se le permitió salir. Nunca más volvió.

 

Tras su fuga, Molina cooperó con las autoridades federales que ya estaban investigando esa fábrica de prendas de vestir. Le permitieron permanecer en los Estados Unidos bajo una visa T otorgada a ciertas víctimas de la trata de personas y miembros de la familia que reúnen los requisitos.

 

Se involucró con la Coalición para abolir la esclavitud y la trata de personas (CAST) con sede en Los Ángeles y testificó en nombre de dos proyectos de ley separados: la Ley de Protección de Víctimas de Tráfico de California (AB 22), que convirtió el tráfico en un delito en California en 2005; la Ley de Transparencia en las Cadenas de Suministro de California de 2010 (SB 659), que exigía que los grandes minoristas y fabricantes que revelen sus esfuerzos "para erradicar la esclavitud y la trata de personas de sus cadenas de suministro directo".

 

"Nosotros, como consumidores, tenemos una mayor responsabilidad porque somos nosotros los que pagamos los bienes", dijo Molina. "Tenemos que asegurarnos de que no haya esclavitud en la cadena de suministro".

 

En 2015, el ex presidente Barack Obama nombró a Molina para el Consejo Asesor de los Estados Unidos sobre Tráfico Humano. Sus esfuerzos continúan hoy.

 

En los Estados Unidos, se estima que 403,000 personas continúan viviendo en la esclavitud moderna, o 1.3 de cada 1,000 personas, según un informe de 2018 del Global Slavery Index. En todo el mundo, se estima que 24.9 de 40.3 millones de personas que viven en esclavitud moderna son víctimas de trabajo forzado.

 

NEWS: Flor Molina wins 2018 Fashion for Freedom Award. “Trafficking exists in all industries, including the garment industry. We, as consumers, can & should be part of the solution.” Read how trafficking victim became movement leader https://bit.ly/2O5eGwc  #ethicalfashion

 
 

 

"Es el más empobrecido, el más estigmatizado y el más marginado, la gente que está en mayor riesgo y a quienes los traficantes luego explotan", dijo Middleberg.

 

"Este es ciertamente el caso aquí en los Estados Unidos con inmigrantes indocumentados en este momento", agregó. "Merecen una protección especial".

 

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GIRLS & WOMEN

Tim Hortons Is Putting Diaper-Changing Tables in All Men's Washrooms Across Canada

Why don’t all restaurants have change tables in men’s and women’s washrooms?

Tim Hortons has announced it will be adding change tables to their men’s washrooms after a dad of two was forced to change his son in a women’s washroom at one of the Quebec locations.

Taking a baby to a restaurant can be a trying task on a good day, without the added chore of finding a place to change them when they need it.

That’s exactly the sticky spot Chris Webb found himself in last week. His son Owen, who is 14 months old, needed to be changed — but the men’s washroom had no changing table for him to use.

Take Action:  Call on South Africa’s Minister of Labour to Enforce the Breastfeeding Code

Take Action: Tweet Now

 
 
 
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In partnership with: Grow Great

This isn’t an uncommon case, as there aren’t many changing stations in men’s washrooms anywhere in Canada.

Webb posted a series of tweets targeting the well-known company.

The tweets called out Tim’s for humiliating him by forcing him to use the women’s bathroom in order to change his son. Webb said the staff went out of their way to help him out, but he pointed out that, in 2018, there should be change tables in all bathrooms.

Related StoriesAug. 7, 2018Saudi Arabia Cancels Flights to Canada Over Tweet Supporting Women's Rights Activist

There is no legislation that requires restaurants to provide changing tables in their washrooms, but it’s becoming a more common complaint.

To only provide changing tables in women’s washrooms is essentially implying that it’s just women who need to change children. Not only is this problematic from a gender equality perspective, but it also alienates male caregivers.

oYdY4hMd_normal.jpg

Hey @TimHortons as you provide no other way to talk... I'm shocked and humiliated to have had to use the women's bathroom to change my child in one of your restaurants today. Your staff actually went out of their way to allow me to use it, but it's 2018 and both bathrooms should

 

Have a change table in them. Getting out the house with my 1 year old and going for lunch shouldn't mean that I have to explain myself to women as to why I'm in the women's bathroom. Brining this up to the supervisor in the restaurant I was told "it's ok the women don't mind"

 
 

 

In response to Webb’s tweets, Tim Hortons released a statement to CBC on Monday.

"Obviously as a family brand, we need to make accessible changing tables available for all of our guests. This is now standard in our new restaurant design that is rolling out across Canada," the statement to CBC says.

Tim Hortons reached out to Webb to let him know that their locations across Canada will be revamped in coming years to include change tables in as many washrooms as possible, according to CBC.

Related StoriesAug. 6, 2018Business News Site Covertly Erases Men From Stories to Highlight Sexism

Webb’s comments sparked commentary on Twitter, with many parents sharing similar stories and thoughts on the matter. There are currently multiple online petitions calling on businesses to add change tables to all their bathrooms.

Ontario legislation requires a change table in universal family washrooms in large, new buildings, but the country as a whole has a long way to go. Restaurants built prior to 2015 are exempt from this law, as are small ones, according to the Toronto Sun.

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GIRLS & WOMEN

17 Girls Rescued From Child Marriage and FGM in Kenya

A missionary brought the girls to refuge.


Why Global Citizens Should Care
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a form of violence that stems from the cultural belief that a girl’s value lies in her virginity. You can take action here to call on world leaders to #LeveltheLaw and strengthen legislation to protect girls and women from violence.

Seventeen girls, all between the ages of 10 and 14, escaped child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM) in Kenya, by seeking refuge in a local school for deaf students, reports Standard Media.

Kabarnet School for the Deaf and Blind Principal Salina Dilot said the girls, who hail from Tiaty in Baringo County, had been brought to the school by a missionary a week earlier.

Take Action: Tell World Leaders to Redouble Their Efforts By Amending Laws to Prevent Sexual Violence

Take Action: Sign Petition

 
 
 
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United StatesUnited KingdomGermanyCanadaAustraliaAfghanistanÅland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCabo VerdeCambodiaCameroonCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo (the Democratic Republic of the)Cook IslandsCosta RicaCôte d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands  [Malvinas]Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambia (The)GeorgiaGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuamGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHoly See  [Vatican City State]HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMicronesia (the Federated States of)MoldoviaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorth KoreaNorthern Mariana IslandsNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPalestine, State ofPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarRéunionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint BarthélemySaint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth KoreaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuelaVietnamVirgin Islands (British)Virgin Islands (U.S.)Wallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabwe

 

 

In partnership with: Equality Now and CHIME FOR CHANGE

“Now we are depending on well-wishers,” Dilot told Standard Media, noting that the school was not currently in session for the August holiday. “More assistance is required for us to continue hosting the girls.”

Baringo Central Children’s Officer Irene Chepkwony also stated that her department was in talks to have an institution permanently host the girls and enroll them in classes. Police were conducting an investigation into those alleged to have been involved in having the girls cut, according to the report.

Related StoriesJuly 26, 2018Somalia Will Pursue Its First FGM Prosecution After Death of 10-Year-Old Girl

The story is the latest in a series of reports of young Kenyan girls seeking asylum from early marriage and FGM in academic centers.

In June, the Star reported on 33 girls being housed at the Tangulbei boarding primary school after escaping FGM. The school was similarly congested by the new inhabitants at that time and called upon its community for financial support and donations.

“We have tried to purchase some school uniforms and mattresses for the girls but more effects such as beds, shoes, and sanitary towels are still needed,” Tangulbei Women’s Network chairperson Mary Kuket told the media.

Local officials have previously blamed the prevalence of FGM in rural areas of Kenya on lack of education and awareness.

“We are aware the community is currently circumcising quite a number of girls in the bush, some have even graduated last year but no one from the grassroots has ever reported the vice,” said former Baringo county commissioner Peter Okwanyo at the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women at Kabarnet Museum last year.

Related StoriesJuly 10, 2018Activists Rally Around India's Supreme Court Condemning FGM

Nice Nailantei Leng’ete, an FGM activist who has helped more than 15,000 young girls avoid the practice and was hailed as one of Time’s Most Influential People this year, further explained the lifelong impact of female circumcision that she seeks to correct.

“FGM, for Maasai, is a rite of passage from girlhood to womanhood. Women are not considered women unless they have gone through FGM,” Leng’ete told Ebony. “FGM in my community connects to girls ending their education, with child marriage, and with teenage pregnancies. A girl is 10 or 12 years old when she undergoes FGM. Then she’s told she’s a woman, and that means she’s ready for marriage, and that means she has children. They all go together.”

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At Chernobyl Children International, we believe that children belong in families.

CCI is pioneering a movement to de-institutionalise children in Belarus whenever possible. When a child is institutionalised, he or she is often deprived of the opportunity to experience family life, feel like a full member of society and develop in a safe environment.

Our long-term aim, through our De-institutionalisation Programmes, is to provide the social supports and education to ensure that every child has the opportunity to live in a loving home of their own, and that every person—regardless of physical or mental ability—can reach their full potential and be an active member of their community.

 

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CULTURE

5 incredible poems from across Africa

21 March 2017 1:56PM UTC | By: GUEST BLOGGER

JOIN

Join the fight against extreme poverty

 
  

By Maris Feeley

It’s #WorldPoetryDay! Celebrate with us by enjoying these examples of incredible literature and personal expression by poets from across the African continent.

1. “Homeward” — Bassey Ikpi

Bassey Ikpi, a Nigerian-born but America-raised poet, captures audiences with her spoken word ode to her grandmother in Homeward. Visiting her unfamiliar family, she laments, “It breaks my heart to realise that I can only love her clearly in English.” Ipki lets us into her uncertainty and struggles to find somewhere she can call home.

2. “Do not fear the past” — Zuhura Seng’enge

“Do not fear the past.

It is painful

but it is real

Blood was spilt and people died

but love and unity had survived.”

 Do not fear the past

This poem is not only a reflection on history, but also a call to action for young Africans to reclaim it. Tanzanian poet Zuhura Seng’enge acknowledges the complicated past experiences of African countries, but maintains hope for the future.

3. “Bottoms Up!” — Ama Nuamah

“To the children we call our future

Who have no shoes to put on their feet

Who have barely any food to eat

Who believe in some unreal hope

But still dare to dream

Wild and free.”

– Bottoms Up!

A toast to optimists in bleak situations, Ama Nuamah’s poem embodies how bright minds can be trapped by lack of access to basic necessities. She’s based in Ghana, but as we’ve mentioned on the ONE blog before, obstacles to essential needs (such as electricity) affect many nations across Africa. Celebrating the strength of citizens working against such tough odds is so important!

4. “I am an African” — Puno Selesho

South Africa’s complex social and political legacies have led to a diverse range of identities, an idea Puno Selesho works to address. She challenges the idea that there is only one way of being South African, and urges everyone to take pride in who they are.

5. “One” — Sage Hasson

“Billions of people all struggling to [fulfill] seeming different agenda

But we all are in pursuit of one collective destiny

We all need just one

One dream

One day

One hour

One minute

One second

One moment.”

– One

Sage Hasson, of Nigeria, emphasises unity and focus in this poem. Maybe we here at ONE are biased towards this gem in particular, but no one can deny the powerful message of individuals coming together to make a difference for themselves and for others.

Feeling inspired? Become a ONE member and join the more than 9 million people worldwide in the fight against extreme poverty and preventable disease.

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245
CULTURE

3 reasons why (RED) and ONE are best friends

July 30 2018 | By: SADOF ALEXANDER

JOIN

Join the fight against extreme poverty

 
  

Friendship-Day_12x6_RED.jpg
Everyone needs a fantastic friend by their side to achieve the impossible. Luckily, ONE has an amazing friend to change the world with!

ONE and (RED) have certainly both accomplished some impressive feats. To this day, (RED) has generated over $500 million for the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria. That money has impacted nearly 110 million people across 8 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa! ONE has also made a big impact through successfully advocating for life-saving aid and helping secure important laws, including the Land Tenure Law, which is empowering female farmers in Mali through land rights.

Through increasing awareness of the Global Fund, (RED) helps ONE ensure government support for life-saving programs that the Global Fund provides. In short, their work helps us do our work.

Here are 3 reasons why (RED) is our activist BFF:

1. We started as one organization

We really have been friends for life! In 2002, Bono and Bobby Shriver founded DATA (Debt, AIDS, Trade, Africa). By 2006, it became clear that there was a need for the private sector to step up and generate more money to solve some of the world’s biggest issues — enter (RED)! Two years later, DATA became ONE. We haven’t looked back since!

Recently, ONE and (RED) volunteers joined U2 for their eXPERIENCE + iNNOCENCE tour to spread the word on our fantastic causes. Together, volunteers educated concertgoers on the fight against extreme poverty and preventable disease. They even recruited new supports for both of our organizations!

2. We do things differently but share a common goal

 

Differences make any friendship stronger. Luckily, our work compliments each other!

ONE uses advocacy and campaigning to generate support for programs and policies that promote change and empower people to end extreme poverty worldwide.

(RED) works with world’s biggest brands and companies to create unique products and services that, when purchased, trigger money that goes straight to the Global Fund to fight AIDS/HIV, TB and Malaria.

Here at ONE, we pressure governments to do more to fight AIDS and end extreme poverty. Our work can be seen on local, national, and continental levels! From helping Eva get clean water from the Tanzanian government, to getting the Electrify Africa Act passed, ONE’s advocacy work can be seen in action across the continent.

In short, ONE is policy-focused, while (RED) is funding-focused. Even though we do things differently, we have a common desire to make life-saving changes happen!

3. We work well together

red-social.jpg

When we collaborate, there’s nothing we can’t accomplish. Recently, our Youth Ambassadors joined (RED) and their partner, Salesforce, at CeBIT, one of the world’s largest international tech conferences. Ambassadors from both organizations talked with visitors about the work each organization does. They even got new members to join ONE in the fight against extreme poverty at the (RED) pop-up zone. This kind of on-the-ground activism keeps both of our organizations going strong!

Together, our friendship will help in ending extreme poverty and preventable diseases worldwide!

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MEDIO AMBIENTE

La Isla de Dominica lanza una de las prohibiciones de plástico más fuertes del mundo

Prohibirá bolsas de plástico, utensilios, contenedores y más.

Por qué los Global Citizens deberían preocuparse
La contaminación plástica daña los ecosistemas marinos y terrestres y representa una amenaza para la salud de los seres humanos. Los Objetivos Globales de las Naciones Unidas hacen un llamado a los países para que reduzcan significativamente el desperdicio de plástico. Puedes unirte a nosotros para tomar medidas sobre este tema aquí.

 

La nación isleña de Dominica prohibirá varios tipos de plásticos de un solo uso para 2019, según informó el primer ministro Roosevelt Skerrit, quien anunció la decisión en un reciente discurso .

 

Una vez promulgada, será una de las leyes antiplástico más duras del mundo. Skerrit enmarcó la prohibición como un imperativo ambiental.

 

"Dominica se enorgullece de ser la 'Isla de la Naturaleza.' Debemos en todos los sentidos merecer y reflejar esa designación", dijo Skerrit en un comunicado. "El problema del manejo de desechos sólidos afecta esa percepción y seguimos lidiando con ella".

Actúa: Firma

 
 
 
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Aún se está formalizando una lista completa de artículos prohibidos, pero Skerrit dijo que al menos incluirá sorbetes de plástico de un solo uso, platos, tenedores, cuchillos y vasos y recipientes de espuma de poliestireno.

 

Con una población de 73.543 habitantes, Dominica es 100 veces más pequeña que la ciudad de Nueva York, por lo que esta nueva ley no reducirá significativamente la contaminación global por plásticos.

 

Pero refuerza el mensaje de que los plásticos de un solo uso están a punto de desaparecer. En los últimos años, más de 60 países han tomado medidas contra los plásticos de un solo uso.

 

Algunos países se han enfocado en artículos específicos como bolsas de plástico, mientras que otros intentan crear sociedades más sostenibles y realizar una transición que vaya más allá del plástico.

 

La ONU debatió las reglas para los desechos plásticos en ambientes marinos el año pasado, y el G7 propuso reglas similares en junio pasado.

 

La fuerza impulsora detrás de este esfuerzo cada vez más coordinado es la creciente conciencia de la contaminación plástica en los océanos del mundo. A medida que las escenas de animales enredados fatalmente en redes de plástico y ríos con desechos de plástico se vuelven virales, la gente demanda acción política para enfrentar el problema.

Sea turtle caught in gill netImage: WWF/Michael Gunther

 

Para un país que depende de sus paisajes prístinos y paisajes acuáticos para el turismo, Dominica es muy consciente de los efectos negativos que vienen aparejados con el plástico y del atractivo de las alternativas sostenibles.

 

"Nuestros espacios terrestres y marinos sostienen nuestra economía e impulsan nuestra competitividad", dijo Skerrit en su declaración. "Es por eso que desde hace mucho tiempo tenemos una tradición de respetar y preservar el medioambiente".

 

Es por eso que este impulso para deshacerse del plástico es parte de una iniciativa de sostenibilidad más amplia. Además de pedir una prohibición de plástico, el primer ministro Skerrit también dijo que el país debe volverse resistente al clima invirtiendo en energías renovables y construyendo infraestructuras sostenibles.

 

"Se le está pidiendo a este país y sus ciudadanos que emprendan un viaje de desarrollo hacia una Dominica más resiliente que beneficiará a esta y a las generaciones futuras", dijo Skerrit. "Debemos tomar ese viaje juntos. Mientras caminamos, debemos orar sin cesar; debemos trabajar sin cansarnos; debemos apoyarnos el uno al otro sin fallar".

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5 amazing pieces of advice Malala’s gifted to the world
373
CULTURE

5 amazing pieces of advice Malala’s gifted to the world

9 July 2018 10:32AM UTC | By: ROBYN DETORO

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Malala was thrust into the global spotlight nearly a decade ago because of her unstoppable and courageous dedication to getting an education.

Undeterred by the threat of speaking out publicly against the Taliban, Malala blogged for the BBC, featured in a short documentary about her fight for girls’ education in her community and even won Pakistan’s National Youth Peace Prize.

But in 2012, she was shot by the Taliban for standing up for what she believed in. Amazingly, this didn’t stop Malala from her fight.

Since then, Malala has gone on to start her own foundation, win a Nobel Peace Prize, author two books, start a secondary school for Syrian refugee girls, star in a full-length documentary, attend Oxford University and become an internationally recognised advocate for girls’ rights around the world.

Her impressive list of achievements and can-do attitude have us convinced that if we’re going to follow anyone’s advice, it should be Malala’s!

Here are 5 indispensable pieces of advice that we’re taking note of:

1. “It’s not one person’s job to do this. I can’t send all girls to school, it would be nearly impossible…what is in my potential, I will do that. Everyone has to play a role in this… It’s a responsibility we all should realize we can participate in.”

via GIPHY

2. “If one man can destroy everything why can’t one girl change it?”

via GIPHY

3. “Sometimes my mother says, ‘Don’t shake hands with men. Look down, look down, don’t look at men — it’s a shame.’ And I say, ‘If a man can look at me, why can’t I look at them?’”

via GIPHY

4. “If we want to achieve our goal, then let us empower ourselves with the weapon of knowledge, and let us shield ourselves with unity and togetherness.”

via GIPHY

5. “I think everyone makes a mistake at least once in their life. The important thing is what you learn from it.”

via GIPHY

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How are these dedicated women stopping malaria in Ghana?
150
HEALTH

How are these dedicated women stopping malaria in Ghana?

16 August 2018 4:00PM UTC | By: ONE

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Piles of furniture, clothes, pots, pans, toothbrushes, and blankets sit piled high on the dusty ground outside several houses in Odumasi, a small town in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Dozens of men dressed in dark-green overalls and carrying metal cylinders make their way through the village, entering home after home.

Donning bright orange polo shirts, two female volunteers look on with a watchful eye, answering their neighbours’ questions and pointing the men in one direction or the other.

Ruth-and-Adwoa-Odumasi-village-1024x747.

“When they come to spray, we are the ones who tell the community when it’s going to happen, and explain to them what to do and how to prepare,” says Ruth Oppong, one of the community volunteer advocates.

“We are committed to ending malaria in our community. That’s why we are doing this,” adds her colleague, Adwoa Asantewa.

Today’s operation is part of Ghana’s ongoing fight against malaria, a disease which kills nearly half a million people worldwide every year, 90% of who are in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to WHO. Despite recording a significant decrease in the number of malaria deaths – 599 in 2017 compared to 2985 in 2013 – Ghana is still at work eradicating the disease.

So far, indoor residual spraying (IRS), where long-lasting insecticides are sprayed on the inside of homes to deter mosquitos, has been one of the most effective malaria control interventions in Ghana. “When we started in 2006, our goal was to reduce malaria cases by 50%, but two years later the reported cases had gone down by 75%,” says Samuel Asiedu, director of AGAMal, a non-profit organization working to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality in Ghana.

Spray-operator--1024x683.jpg

“Before, we used to have a lot of children getting sick. They would have a high fever and convulse, but since they started spraying the malaria cases have gone down,” says Veronica Kumah, a women’s representative in New Dokyiwa.

“When children get malaria, it brings a lot of complications to women because they are the ones who look after them. They cannot work, and it drains their purse,” says Veronica. “Since women are taking care of the children, they have passion for the programme. And if women support, we will be successful.”

Every week, the women of New Dokyiwa meet with Veronica to discuss issues related to health and clean up surrounding areas of their town to prevent mosquitos from breeding.

Domeabra-1024x671.jpg

Their efforts, coupled with the indoor spraying, have drastically decreased malaria cases. But despite the programme’s initial success, numbers have plateaued due to mosquitos developing resistance to the chemical being used in IRS, says Asiedu.

“With malaria control, if you don’t maintain it, you can go back to a situation that was even worse than before. We cannot lose what we have gained,” explains Keziah Malm, program manager for the national malaria control programme at the Ghana Health Service.

In an effort to ensure progress, Ghana is one of the first countries in Africa to introduce two new ‘third generation’ insecticides. If used in rotation with each other, they will significantly decrease the likelihood of resistance.

But the introduction of new insecticides – which is being done through The Innovative Vector Control Consortium (IVCC) NgenIRS project, with funding from Unitaid and Global Fund – is only part of the battle against malaria.

“The community needs to be involved for it to work,” says Alberta Bosomtwe, social behaviour change communications manager with AGAMal. “That’s why we need our community volunteer advocates, who help us mobilize and educate the community.”

Alberta-with-a-Community-Advocate-Volunt

And while the spray operators are men, many of the volunteers are women, and they play a vital role in the programme.

“It is very easy for us women to make an impact. We are able to convince people that getting their house sprayed is a good thing.” says Ruth.

Adwoa agrees. “We women are the first to identify whether a child is sick with malaria, and we are the ones to take care of them. We know the effects it has on the community.”

“If women are leading in the fight against malaria, we are bound to succeed.”

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How soccer is changing the lives of girls in Kenya
1.8k
EDUCATION

How soccer is changing the lives of girls in Kenya

February 23 2017 | By: MEGAN IACOBINI DE FAZIO

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How soccer is changing the lives of girls in Kenya

 
   

“Discovering football is the best thing that ever happened to me,” says Claris Akinyi, sitting behind her tidy desk in the principal’s office in Kibera Girls Soccer Academy (KGSA).

When she was 11, Claris spent her days looking after her sick mother and helping run her family’s boiled maize stand. When she became a member of the Kibera Girls soccer team, her life changed overnight.

kgsa--1024x759.jpg

“I used to stay indoors all the time, but the soccer team gave me the opportunity to go out and meet people,” she says. “We also got to watch videos about sex education, so I became very aware of issues like early pregnancies and gender-based violence, which are common here. Soccer helped me stay focused.”

Set up by Abdul Kassim in 2002, KGSA occupies a small plot of land in the heart of Kibera, one of the biggest slums in Kenya. It has since grown from a soccer academy into a successful tuition-free secondary school.

Abdul, who was born in Kibera and brought up by a single mother, started the academy to address the gender disparities he had observed growing up.

“I noticed that the girls were finishing primary school and then doing nothing,” he says. “They were being married off at very young ages and pregnancies were rampant. So I used soccer to engage them, and to send a message about gender equality to the Kibera community.”

Students-at-KGSA--1024x680.jpg

But early on in the program, as the girls finished primary school, they began dropping out of the club.

“I wanted to know why, so I went to their houses to talk to them,” says Abdul. “Most could not afford high school, and many had left their homes because of family problems or were married off.”

Spurred on by what he saw — and encouraged by many of the girls in the soccer club — Abdul decided to turn the soccer program into a free high school for girls, so that they could finish their education and fulfill their potential.

“When the school started, some of the girls who were in the original football club decided to go back and finish their studies, even though they were already in their 20s,” says Claris, who had already gone on to graduate high school. Claris also returned to KSGA, but as a teacher.

Claris-1-1024x903.jpg

Claris, sitting at her desk at KGSA.

“When I finished school, I knew I wanted to give back to the community, so I became a volunteer teacher,” she says. “It was a great feeling to be teaching some of my old teammates.”

After three years of volunteering at the school, KGSA supported Claris through university, where she studied education and counselling. Now, as a fully-registered educator and KGSA’s head teacher, she continues to support the girls in her community. She’s also been able to buy land and build a house for her mother.

“I feel like giving back is very important,” she says. “That’s why I am still here.”

Girls-play-football-1024x717.jpg

It is with the determination and goodwill of Claris, Abdul, and other dedicated staff members that the school continues to grow, and has earned international recognition for its creative approach to education.

“We wanted to provide a mechanism for girls to explore their interests and develop skills for their adult life,” says Abdul, talking about the various life-skills classes and extracurricular activities offered by the school, which include journalism, business, and computer classes.

And, of course, soccer – and sports, generally – is still a main focus at KGSA.

In addition to being a member of several of KGSA’s after-school vcubs, 18-year-old Khadija Ishikara plays on the soccer team that won a league trophy last year.

Khadija-Ishiraka-1024x683.jpg

“Soccer is my favorite hobby, because it keeps me active and fit,” she says.

Khadija’s mother still thinks it’s strange for girls to play football, but she is growing increasingly supportive of her daughter’s choice of sport. As for Khadija, it’s hard to imagine her giving up soccer anytime soon: “Anyway,” she says with a wry smile, “anything boys do, girls can do better.”

How soccer is changing the lives of girls in Kenya

 

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It’s that time a year when the children and young people of Ireland don their uniforms and head back to school. Getting young people involved in awareness campaigning, volunteering or fundraising is a great way to instil in them a sense of social responsibility and community. We have built strong links with schools throughout Ireland who undertake various fundraising activities for CCI throughout the school year. 

If you know a school that would like to get involved in organising a fundraiser to raise money for one of our vital programmes this year please visit  
http://www.chernobyl-international.com/get-involved/

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CITIZENSHIP

These Are the Best and Worst Countries to Be a Child

"One in four of the world's children have had their childhoods cut short."

JUNE 1, 2017

Brought to you by: Thomson Reuters Foundation

BAMAKO, Mali, May 31 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - One in four of the world's children - at least 700 million - have had their childhood cut short by factors ranging from illness and conflict to child marriage and being out of school, Save the Children said on Wednesday.

The hardest-hit children live in West and Central Africa - which accounted for seven of the 10 bottom-ranked countries in Save the Children's first 'End of Childhood' index, ranking 172 nations by where childhood is most intact or eroded.

Take Action: 263 Million Children Need Help Getting in the Classroom

Niger, Angola and Mali were the worst-ranked countries for children in the annual index, which was topped by Norway, Slovenia and Finland.

Most of the affected 700 million children live in disadvantaged communities in developing countries, where they have been bypassed by progress in health, education and technology that has improved the lives of many of their peers, the charity said.

"Many of these children suffer from a toxic mix of poverty and discrimination, and experience several childhood enders," Save the Children International's Chief Executive Helle Thorning-Schmidt told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Read More: Why Children Are Hit Hardest in Conflicts

Here are some facts about the plight of children worldwide:

* More than one in six school-age children - 263 million - are out of education

* An estimated 168 million children are involved in child labor, half of whom are doing hazardous work such as mining, scavenging and working in textile factories

* A quarter of the world's children aged under five - about 156 million - have stunted growth due to malnutrition

* At least 15 million girls are married each year before the age of 18, four million of whom are wed before turning 15

* Conflict and persecution have forced 28 million children to flee their homes, with 11 million living as refugees or asylum seekers, and 17 million internally displaced

* About 16 million girls give birth between the ages of 15 and 19 each year, and one million deliver when younger than 15

* At least six million children aged under five die each year

* More than 75,000 children aged under 20 were murdered in 2015. Sources: Save the Children, World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) 

(Reporting By Kieran Guilbert, Editing by Belinda Goldsmith; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, trafficking, property rights, climate change and resilience. Visit http://news.trust.org)

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GIRLS AND WOMEN

Serafina’s family encouraged her to stay in school. Now she wants other girls to have that chance.

February 14 2017 | By: MEGAN IACOBINI DE FAZIO

GIRLS COUNT

Every girl counts.

130 million girls don’t have access to an education. So we’re asking the world to count them, one by one.

 
   

This is part three of a three-part series on Sud Academy in Nairobi, Kenya. Don’t miss part one and part two.

Having lived through violence, discrimination, and subsequent displacement in South Sudan, it is difficult to understand why Serafina might want to go back.

At 20 years old, she should be in her first years of university, but has instead just completed her primary school exams.

“As soon as I get my exam results, I will go to high school and then university”, says Serafina, with a bright smile that rarely leaves her face. Like many of the students at Sud Academy in Nairobi, Kenya, circumstances beyond her control resulted in her falling years behind in her studies.

“Since starting school again last year I’ve tried my best to catch up and I’ve been studying very hard,” she says. “It’s not easy but I’m trying”.

DU6B1890-1024x683.jpg

A classroom at Sud Academy in Nairobi.

Serafina was born in Khartoum, Sudan, where her family had moved to escape violence. She grew up there, the youngest in a family of nine, until the war forced the family to move again and settle in the world’s youngest nation, South Sudan.

“I grew up speaking my mother tongue at home and Arabic (the official language of North Sudan) at school, so I didn’t know English at all,” Serafina says. Not knowing English in a country where it’s the official language was a big obstacle to her education.

But unlike the families of some other girls she knew in South Sudan, Serafina’s family actively encouraged her to keep studying.

Serafina-1-1024x697.jpg

Serafina outside Sud Academy.

“Some girls in South Sudan get married very young. They must grow up very fast because they have no education. They depend on their families and then their husbands, but if something happens they have nothing,” she explains.

“This is why my father wanted me to be educated, and why he always pushed me to continue learning” she says, adding that her family is very proud of what she’s achieved.

So, in an effort to learn English, Serafina travelled to Nairobi to live with one of her sisters. But when Serafina’s father lost his job in Sudan, he was unable to continue paying for her education.

“I stayed at home, not studying, for three years,” she says. “I felt very bad, because all I wanted to do was go to school.”

She tried to make the best of her time, learning English and Swahili by talking to people at church. “But sometimes I felt like giving up,” she recalls. “I would phone my father and ask to go home, but he told me to be patient, and that one day I would go back to school.”

Mr-Omondi-Sud-Academy--1024x768.jpg

Her life turned around when some friends told her about Sud Academy, a school not far from where she lived. It had opened specifically to cater to the growing South Sudanese community, and provided education at a fraction of the cost of other schools.

“I started immediately, and I was so happy to be back at school,” Serafina says.

But getting the formal education she always wanted is not the only benefit of attending Sud Academy: “It’s nice be with other South Sudanese from many different parts of the country. We often discuss what we want to do after school, what we can do to build our country. Many of us want to go back,” she says.

Elizabeth-and-Serafina-in-class-1024x768

Serafina and her friend Elizabeth in class at Sud Academy.

Despite some of the challenges the school faces – lack of funding has resulted in overcrowded classrooms and inadequate facilities – Serafina is grateful to Sud Academy for giving her the opportunity to gain an education, but also for educating South Sudanese students, who she believes will one day help rebuild the country.

“I don’t want to just learn for myself, but to help others, too. There are not enough teachers in South Sudan, and many children can’t go to school. So, I want to be a teacher and give them a chance.”

Every girl counts.

130 million girls don’t have access to an education. So we’re asking the world to count them, one by one.

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GIRLS AND WOMEN

This Liberian entrepreneur started her own pop-up shop

March 19 2018 | By: GUEST BLOGGER

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Tell Justin Trudeau: Enable every woman to unlock her own potential

 
   

Story by Monique John.

In 2013, Wilhelmina Myeonway Cooper did something few Liberian women manage to do – she launched her own business.

Passionate about fashion, Wilhelmina realized that she could work with local bag makers and artists to get them to customize bags for clients. She came up with the idea after observing bag sellers at Waterside Market in Liberia’s famous slum, West Point. And so Myeonway Designs was born.

Pop-Up-Shop-3-1024x683.jpg

Photo credit: Myeonway Designs

But there was one major problem: Wilhelmina couldn’t afford to have a shop where customers could buy her bags. So in 2015, she opened the Monrovia African Pop Up Shop. The “shop” is an ongoing exhibition at which small business owners gather to showcase and sell their merchandise at Monrovia’s entertainment hotspots.

“It started out as a social enterprise where I could get local market people and small business people to sell their products for free,” Wilhelmina says. The shop has continuously grown over time: Nine vendors took part in the first exhibition and 30 in the second. At the third, in December 2017, 50 businesses were there to sell their products.

Wilhelmina’s success as a woman leading her own businesses is remarkable considering the economic, educational, and reproductive health challenges that burden Liberia’s female population. The country’s workforce and education system were devastated by the compounded effects of 14 years of civil conflict, as well as the school shutdowns during the Ebola crisis. As a result, Liberia’s development was severely delayed and the country’s instability has only made it harder for women to get ahead.

Wilhelmina Myeonway Cooper is an entrepreneur in Liberia’s fashion industry. (Courtesy of Myeonway Designs.)

Wilhelmina Myeonway Cooper is an entrepreneur in Liberia’s fashion industry. (Photo credit: Monique John)

World Bank data shows that Liberia suffers from an almost 64% poverty rate overall. Only 54% of its women participated in the labor force in 2016. The data also shows a mere 9.2% secondary school completion rate for women, and that just 44% of young women between the ages of 15 and 24 are literate. Issues like early marriage and pregnancy also disproportionately affect Liberian women and girls in comparison to other female populations around the world. In 2016, UNICEF reported that 36% of Liberian girls were married before turning 18, and the United Nations Population Division reports that 107 out of every 1,000 teen girls in Liberia had a child in 2015.

Despite these factors around her, Wilhelmina has dreams of formalizing the Pop Up Shop into a larger business. Her goal is to expand the enterprise with the help of sponsors and banks. She also said she wants her enterprise to travel to other African countries like Ghana, Nigeria, and Uganda. Still, finances are her biggest struggle, as banks deem her business as being too small and high risk to lend money to.

Pop-Up-Shop-4-1024x683.jpg

Photo credit: Myeonway Designs

There are a host of other problems Wilhelmina is fighting against to keep her businesses thriving. She has trouble shipping her bags to international clients so she has to pay people who happen to be traveling from Liberia to carry the merchandise by plane and then post them in the respective countries. Wilhelmina also is unable to open a PayPal account from Liberia, so she doesn’t have a way for international customers to pay her online without the added costs that come along with services like Western Union. The Ebola crisis also dealt a major blow in Myeonway Designs’ early days, as she wasn’t able to make any sales during the outbreak.

But Wilhelmina has stayed committed. “I’ve been fortunate to be surrounded by amazing women who are really impressive, who want the best for you, and the best for themselves and this country,” Wilhelmina says. “They’ll tell me about different grants, how to apply, what to do. I have people in my corner who are very strategic.”

Wilhelmina is creating a website to give a platform to young female entrepreneurs like Simone Witherspoon, CEO and founder of The Word, a t-shirt brand.

Simone Witherspoon, a T-shirt designer, credits Cooper with helping today’s young female entrepreneurs in Liberia grow as professionals through raising standards and providing constructive feedback. (Photo courtesy of Myeonway Designs)

Simone Witherspoon, a T-shirt designer, credits Cooper with helping today’s young female entrepreneurs in Liberia grow as professionals through raising standards and providing constructive feedback. (Photo credit: Monique John)

“She’s a very influential person,” Simone says of Wilhelmina. She said their collaboration has taught her to be more open-minded and made her demand more from herself as a leader. “She has so much work ethic…[W]orking with her requires you being punctual. It requires you being precise, and thinking beyond what a regular customer would want.”

Leah Seya Stubblefield, the owner of the African clothing line Stubbs Fabrics and Accessories, said she appreciated Wilhelmina for helping build her confidence. She also credits Wilhelmina for creating a space for Liberia’s entrepreneurs to demonstrate what they have to offer to the public.

“Seeing that she’s able to make things in Liberia, I see it’s an inspiration,” Leah says. “If we had more people like her, we’d go far in this country.”

Pop-Up-Shop-1024x683.jpg

Photo credit: Myeonway Designs

In the coming months, Wilhelmina will be working with Business Start-Up Center Monrovia (BSC Monrovia), a local NGO that supports Liberian startups through fostering job creation and poverty alleviation, to bolster her future business efforts. BSC was created as a partnership between a local association of Liberian universities and SPARK, an international organization that creates access to higher education and facilitates entrepreneurial ventures by promising, energetic youths in underdeveloped countries.

“If I was being inspired by money, I wouldn’t be where I am today,” Wilhelmina says. “Certain times I create so that something I create represents my country. I’m inspired by making things, my most favorite thing to do in the world.”

Tell Justin Trudeau: Enable every woman to unlock her own potential

Dear Prime Minister Trudeau, Please invest in girls and women in the world’s poorest countries to unlock their full potential. Commit to a bold initiative at the G7 summit that enables at least 100 million women to learn, work and increase their independence.

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Ex-child-soldier opens up youth centre in Uganda to help others like him
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EDUCATION

Ex-child-soldier opens up youth centre in Uganda to help others like him

10 May 2018 5:13PM UTC | By: THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION

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This story was originally reported by Sebastien Malo and Edited by Katy Migiro for the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

As a young boy chasing chickens on his parents’ farm in northern Uganda, Louis Lakor dreamed of becoming a teacher. But when he finally set foot in a local primary school, aged seven, it was as an armed killer.

Abducted in a night raid, Lakor was forced to become a child soldier with the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebel group, which terrorised northern Uganda for nearly two decades before being driven out of the country by a military offensive in 2005.

Clutching a gun handed to him by his kidnappers, Lakor was ordered to “shoot everything you see”. He did.

“Otherwise they would have killed me,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation some 20 years later, looking out on the lush countryside near his home village of Awach, about 60 km (37 miles) south of Uganda’s border with South Sudan.

The LRA, which has retreated to a jungle straddling the borders of South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic, was notorious for kidnapping children for use as fighters and sex slaves.

It has massacred more than 100,000 people and displaced 2 million over the past three decades, according to the United Nations (U.N.), and its leader, Joseph Kony, has been indicted by the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity.

A year since a controversial decision by the United States and its African partners to suspend the hunt for Kony, his victims are battling poverty and stigma – while their tormentor remains at large.

Lakor pointed to the school he attacked with a tormented look, amid fields dotted with mud huts. One memory stands out from the four years he spent as a rebel: he was coerced into killing his best friend when he lagged behind on a long march.

But Lakor, now a smartly dressed 27-year-old, is putting the horrors of the bush behind him, and helping other ex-child soldiers learn skills, from vehicle repairs and carpentry to tailoring and hairdressing, to get back on their feet.

“When I train youths here, I tell them my story,” he said, pacing around his noisy workshop where lanky teenagers welded, sawed and hammered.

“I tell where I came from – that I’m like them, that I’m still an orphan looking for a way to survive.”

VENGEFUL

The U.N. estimates about 35,000 children were abducted by the LRA. Uganda offered amnesty to fighters who abandoned LRA ranks and renounced violence, paving the way for ex-child soldiers to start afresh – at least in theory.

But stigma persists, said Sasha Lezhnev, founding director of the Grassroots Reconciliation Group, which runs projects bringing together villagers and former child soldiers.

“One of the LRA’s strategies was to have their soldiers kill people in their own communities so that they wouldn’t be able to go back,” he said.

Lakor escaped from the LRA, aged 11, when his guards were distracted, and returned to his village, where he found his parents were dead, and his relatives and neighbours vengeful.

“I tried to stay in the village but life was so hard,” he said. “There was no money … no food. I was living with my uncle but then he chased me away, saying he cannot keep a rebel with him.”

While the government gives aid to ex-rebels, the chairman of the Amnesty Commission, Justice Peter Onega, said those who were less than 14 years old when they escaped – the legal age of criminal responsibility – did not qualify.

“It’s the families who are supposed to look after them,” he said.

Lakor ended up on the streets of Gulu, the main town in the region, sleeping rough and begging for money.

He had not eaten for two weeks when he was introduced to Peter Owiny Mwa, owner of local business Baka General Motors, who decided to give him a chance, at first employing him as a cleaner, and later training him as a mechanic.

Even then, Lakor could not find work, with prospective employers dismissing him as a “rebel”.

His experience of hunger, hatred and destitution nearly drove him back into the hands of the LRA – this time willingly.

“You just … get your gun, shoot people, rob people – that’s how we used to get money,” he said.

Lakor was stopped by Ugandan soldiers while trying to find the rebels’ base and sent back.

RECONCILIATION

In 2013, he returned to the workshop and proposed a different strategy to Mwa: to let him train and employ ex-LRA youths, selling what they made to keep the enterprise running.

Today, the workshop – a cluttered open-air courtyard surrounded by dilapidated wooden buildings – assists about 60 boys and girls each year, with little external funding.

Lakor drives a motorcycle-taxi to keep up with the rent.

Ex-LRA youths, some with limbs scarred by machete and gun wounds, sleep two to a single, stained mattress on the floor of a filthy room with peeling paint and no mosquito nets or glass in the windows.

Former child soldier Denis Ochen, 21, said he witnessed LRA prisoners being cooked alive and served up as food.

Another student Godfrey Oloya, 18, was born in LRA captivity and still has a bullet lodged in his arm, a “souvenir” of his escape under gunfire when he was seven.

Back home, his mother could not afford to keep him in class, so he worked in the market with her, selling pancakes and shoes.

“When I finish here, I want to drive a taxi or a lorry,” he said, as budding mechanics trained on the rusting remains of a pea-green Volkswagen Beetle from the 1970s.

While life remains hard, Lakor’s work is producing results. Trainees have gone on to set up workshops in their villages, enabling them to start new lives, despite years of missed schooling.

For Lakor, his work is also a path to reconciliation – meaning he is once again welcomed in his home village.

One of his former students is Nelson Luwum, the cousin of his murdered best friend. Today, the 19-year-old works in a village car repair shop.

“Now I call him my teacher,” Luwum said of Lakor, “but also a friend.”

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THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION
10 May 2018 5:13PM UTC

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It's great to see such fantastic developments from our Rights Restoration Programme. In just a few short months, these highly capable participants have developed significant literacy and numeracy skills. We are so proud of their hard work, dedication and their undeniable achievements!

In 2017, in tandem with our De-instituionalisation Programme, CCI developed pioneering Rights Restoration and Life-Skills Programmes to build capacity and ability amongst the residents of Vesnova with goal of them one day living independently within their communities.

These education-based programmes are building the skills and capacity of the children and young adults, from a young age, to an age-appropriate level of self-sufficiency, literacy and numeracy as well as a range of vocational skills. This will lead them and support them in regaining access to their rights to live and work independent of institutional care.

www.chernobyl-international.com

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Researchers look out from the Finnish icebreaker MSV Nordica as the sun sets over sea ice floating on the Victoria Strait along the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago on July 21, 2017.
David Goldman/AP
MEDIO AMBIENTE

El hielo ártico que alguna vez se pensó impenetrable ahora se está derritiendo

Representa uno de los muchos circuitos de retroalimentación en todo el mundo.

22 DE AGOSTO DE 2018

 

Por qué los Global Citizens deberían preocuparse
A medida que el hielo del mundo continúa derritiéndose, los principales efectos del clima -como una corriente en chorro interrumpida y el aumento del nivel del mar- se están intensificando. Los Objetivos Globales de Desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas instan a los países a proteger las capas de hielo restantes mediante la reducción drástica de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero. Puedes tomar medidas sobre este tema aquí.


Por segunda vez en la historia, el hielo sobre Groenlandia, el hielo más espeso del Ártico, se rompe y se derrite, según publicó The Guardian.

 

La primera vez llegó a principios de este año en medio de otra ola de calor récord. Los científicos habían pensado que este hielo sería el último en la región en derretirse a medida que los gases de efecto invernadero continúan impulsando las temperaturas globales, pero se han visto obligados a revisar sus teorías al respecto.

 

"El agua abierta en la costa norte de Groenlandia es inusual", le dijo a The Guardian Ruth Mottram, del Instituto Meteorológico Danés. "Esta área a menudo se ha llamado 'la última área de hielo', ya que se ha sugerido que aquí se producirá el último hielo marino perenne en el Ártico. Los eventos de la semana pasada sugieren que, en realidad, la última área de hielo puede estar más al oeste ".

 

Debido a que las temperaturas en la región han sido tan inusualmente altas, el hielo, que por lo general está muy apretado, ha sido más fácil de empujar por los vientos. Como resultado, las aguas que normalmente están congeladas están ahora abiertas a medida que avanza el hielo.

 

"No puedo decir cuánto tiempo permanecerá abierta esta parcela de agua abierta, pero incluso si se cierra en unos días, el daño estará hecho: el viejo y espeso hielo marino se habrá alejado de la costa, a un área donde se derretirá más fácilmente", dijo Thomas Lavergne, científico del Instituto Meteorológico de Noruega.

 

En febrero, las temperaturas en el área fueron más altas de 50 grados Fahrenheit (10 grados Celsius), cuando normalmente están alrededor de -4 grados Fahrenheit. La semana pasada, las temperaturas alcanzaron un récord de 62.6 grados Fahrenheit (17 grados Celsius).

 

En otras partes del Ártico, los niveles de hielo marino son un 40% inferiores al promedio anual y los científicos esperan que la región se encuentre completamente libre de hielo durante los meses de verano en algún momento entre 2030 y 2050.

 

Los efectos de este derretimiento masivo ya se sienten en el clima global.

 

Por ejemplo, el debilitamiento de la Corriente del Golfo ha impedido que el aire frío viaje por otras partes del mundo, provocando olas de calor e incendios forestales en Europa, Estados Unidos y otros lugares.

 

Si todo el hielo alrededor de Groenlandia se derrite, los niveles del mar podrían subir hasta 24 pies. Y a medida que el hielo continúa derritiéndose, esto acelera un ciclo de retroalimentación que hace que sea más probable que se derrita más hielo.

 

El ciclo de retroalimentación funciona así: a medida que el hielo se derrite, se abren las aguas más oscuras que absorben más luz solar, lo que hace que aumente la temperatura del agua, lo que provoca más derretimiento del hielo, y así sucesivamente.

 

Los circuitos de retroalimentación como este están sucediendo en todo el mundo y amenazan con llevar al planeta a un estado de invernadero.

 

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