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The Action Thread Part Two

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“I found myself absorbing what it was to live with HIV and AIDS at [Freddie’s] time and doing the research pulled me into what it’s like to live with HIV in our time.”
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Congrats to (RED) ambassador Rami Malek on receiving the #SAGAward for best actor in a leading film role!

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HIV/AIDS

We answer your most Googled questions about HIV and AIDS

28 November 2018 8:49PM UTC | By: SADOF ALEXANDER

SIGN THE PLEDGE

Sign the pledge: We’ll do whatever it takes to end AIDS

 
  

WADGoogle_Social-1024x512.pngHIV/AIDS is a global health crisis that impacts the lives of millions of people a year, yet still many people don’t know enough about what it is, what it does to the body, and the best ways to prevent it. That’s why we’ve answered your most googled questions about HIV and AIDS, and added a couple extra in for good measure:

How many people alive today are living HIV or AIDS?

Around 37 million people are living with HIV/AIDS. That’s nearly the entire population of Canada.

What is the difference between HIV, AIDS, and HIV/AIDS?

You probably have a general idea what these three terms mean, but there are some key differences between them.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that weakens the body’s immune system. The virus moves into the body’s “T cells”, which fight off infections, and rearranges the DNA inside them. The infected cell is no longer able to combat diseases, and instead creates more HIV cells.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the most extreme form of HIV infection. HIV becomes AIDS when the body has an extremely low amount of T cells left, greatly weakening the body’s immune system. It can take anywhere from two to fifteen years for untreated HIV to develop into AIDS.

HIV/AIDS is a term to describe the two together. The term also serves as a reminder that HIV always comes first. It is possible to have HIV without developing AIDS, but it’s impossible to contract AIDS without first having HIV.

How did HIV/AIDS start?

HIV didn’t begin in humans. The virus was originally an SIV— Simian Immunodeficiency Virus — that infects chimpanzees, and it is generally believed that the virus crossed over into humans through hunting. While this crossover happened around 1920, the virus wasn’t verified in humans until 1959 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

How do you contract HIV/AIDS?

The virus is spread through the exchange of certain kinds of bodily fluids, including blood, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids. That means you can’t contract HIV through things like hugging, hand-shaking, kissing, or sharing food and water.

What are the first signs of HIV/AIDS

In the first few weeks after infection, some people develop flu-like symptoms, including a rash, sore throat, fever, and headaches. However, not everyone has symptoms in the first few weeks. As the infection continues to develop in the body, some people experience swollen lymph nodes, fever, weight loss, diarrhea, or coughing.

Since the symptoms of HIV can be mistaken for the flu, or may not be present at all, testing is the only sure way of knowing whether someone has HIV.

If the virus develops into AIDS, the symptoms are more severe. Tuberculosis, meningitis, bacterial infections, and some forms of cancer can all develop due to a weakened immune system.

Is there a cure for HIV/AIDS?

While there is no cure for HIV/AIDS, it is possible to treat. Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can help control the virus and even prevent transmission to other people. Antiretroviral therapy (ART), the combination of 3 or more ARV drugs, should start as soon as possible after diagnosis to slow the progression of HIV.

Who are the most ‘at risk’ groups for contracting HIV/AIDS

In some hard-hit countries in sub-Saharan Africa, girls and young women are especially vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Girls make up three out of four new infections among children between the ages of 10 and 19. Young women ages 15 to 24 in the region are also twice as likely to contract HIV than young men the same age.

The most-at-risk groups are men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, transgender people, and sex workers.

How do you get tested for HIV/AIDS?

Access to HIV tests are vital to prevent the spread of infection. An estimated 25%of HIV-positive people are not diagnosed. That means a quarter of HIV-positive people are not receiving treatment and are at risk of transmitting the disease to more people.

Serological tests are tests that examine the antibodies in blood. Basically, they’re tests that take a closer look at how the body’s immune system is working. A serological test with abnormal results could mean a positive HIV diagnosis. If someone has an abnormal result, it’s important to test again to make sure the diagnosis is correct.

How do you prevent HIV/AIDS?

There are lots of different ways to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. Prevention, in all its forms, can’t happen without knowledge. Awareness of HIV/AIDS and how it’s contracted is necessary for someone to protect themselves against contracting the virus.

Safe sex practices, including the use of condoms, can prevent transmission during sex. Voluntary medical male circumcision can also reduce the likelihood of contracting the virus by up to about 60%.

ART not only controls the virus in those living with HIV/AIDS, but also prevents HIV-positive people from transmitting the virus to other people. ART coverage for pregnant and breastfeeding women is at an all-time high of 80%, reducing the likelihood of mother-to-child transmission.

ART isn’t the only way to help to prevent transmission. If you are HIV-negative but considered high risk (if you have an HIV-positive partner, for example), you can take pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) before coming in contact with risk factors in order to prevent infection. When taken consistently, PrEP reduces the risk of HIV infection in people who are at high risk by over 90%. PrEP cannot be used by those who are already HIV positive.

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) means taking ARVs within 72 hours of potential exposure to the virus to prevent becoming infected. PEP is not meant for regular use and should only be used in emergency situations.

Which countries have the highest HIV prevalence?

All of the top ten countries with the highest HIV prevalence are in Africa. Eswatini, formerly Swaziland, has the highest prevalence, with over 27% of the adult population living with HIV/AIDS. The virus takes a much larger toll on the female population, with over 35% reporting an HIV-positive status.

Lesotho and Botswana take second and third for highest prevalence. In both countries, over a fifth of the population is HIV-positive. Like in Eswatini, gender inequality increases the prevalence among women in both countries.

How long can people live with HIV/AIDS?

With ART, HIV-positive people can continue to live full, healthy lives. Access to this life-saving medication creates near-normal life expectancy. That’s great news for people who have access to ART, but this isn’t the case for everyone.

Last year, almost a million people died from AIDS-related causes. That’s 2,500 people every day, nearly two every minute. This means that the life expectancy of a person with HIV depends on whether they are able to access and afford treatment.

There’s no doubt about it: AIDS is still a crisis. The numbers may be intimidating, but this fight is far from lost. We have the knowledge and resources to help those who are HIV-positive, while also preventing more people from contracting the virus. By increasing access to ART, education, and health services, we can create a world free of HIV/AIDS.

To win the fight against AIDS, we need you. This World AIDS Day, ONE members are turning our outrage into action and putting our leaders on notice – add your voice today!

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177
CULTURE

Poverty may not actually mean what you think

October 16 2018 | By: SADOF ALEXANDER

JOIN

Join the fight against extreme poverty

 
 
  

Around the world, there are over 9 million people who are united by the same cause. From different walks of life, across ages and nations, careers and faiths, these 9 million people are all ONE members. Each of them working towards the same goal: ending extreme poverty.

There’s no question, this is an important cause. But if we asked some people to explain poverty, chances are they would say different things. That’s because poverty is complicated. It looks different depending on where you are, and there are lots of reasons why it happens.

We’ve put together a quick explainer on poverty, why it matters, and what you can do to help eradicate it.

The Definitions

Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines poverty as “the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.” On definition alone, the concept of poverty is pretty vague. That’s why there are different ways of measuring poverty.

Two of the most frequent ways of defining poverty are absolute and relative. Absolute poverty means that you don’t have enough money for basic needs, like food and housing. Relative poverty compares your circumstances to other people. Since this measurement is based on societal norms, being in relative poverty can lead to social exclusion

Then, there’s extreme poverty, which is ONE’s focus. This is defined as living on less than US$1.90 a day. As of 2015, about 10% of the world’s population was experiencing extreme poverty. Of these people, more than half were in sub-Saharan Africa.

These are some of the most common ways of defining poverty, but this isn’t all of them. It’s important to be aware of which measurements a source is using.

The Causes

Just as there are a ton of different definitions of poverty, there are a ton of different causes.

There’s an obvious cause that comes to mind: income. Food, shelter, health, and education are all affected by a person’s wages. However, poverty is about a lot more than just income. Access to land, financial services, medical services, social participation, and safe living conditions are all contributing factors.

These causes affect some people more than others, meaning that discrimination plays a role. That’s why we say poverty is sexist. There is nowhere in the world where women have the same opportunities as men (and here are 25 facts to prove it). But for girls living in extreme poverty, sexism can be a death sentence. This is unacceptable.

Future Potential

Behind the definitions and causes of poverty, we must remember that we’re talking about people. We’re talking about girls who are forced into marriage, children who can’t get an education, sick people who can’t get better, and countless others facing difficult situations because of poverty.

Even though defining poverty can be difficult, there’s a simple truth: it doesn’t have to be this way. The first Sustainable Development Goal is to end poverty in all its forms by 2030. If we achieve this, people all over the world will be free to reach their potential.

Ending poverty is not only possible, but necessary. Together, we can all create an equal, poverty-free world.

Are you ready to join the fight against extreme poverty? Become a ONE member today!

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POWPIG | PLEC PICKS 2019

WORDS: RUTH CRONIN | PHOTOGRAPHY: AARON CORR

ARTICLE PUBLISHED: JANUARY 23, 2019

 
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Every year the GoldenPlec community of writers and photographers (50+) come together to vote on their ones to watch for the upcoming year. After pulling the votes together, we selected our 'Plec Picks' for 2019. We have classical artists alongside rap, jazz, pop, electronic, punk and anything in between. Our list strives to encompass a broad spectrum of Irish music in order to highlight the thriving and evolving music scene that exists in Ireland.

PowPig-Plec-Picks-2019-by-Aaron-Corr-032

If you’re well versed in the Irish music industry, you might have noticed a new type of noisy rumble coming from venues all over the country.

The last couple of years has seen a resurgence of garage rock and punk bands coming out of Ireland, and unlike before when Dublin was the epicentre of new trends and music styles, smaller parts of the country are now brimming with fresh and new, original talent.

Meet PowPig, our strongest evidence of this. Ireland's new buzziest band are a female four-piece from Limerick that write punk rock music that are creating quite the hype both in Munster and beyond.

The girls have already supported bands such as whenyoung, they've won the prestigious IMRO Other Voices Open Call and their latest EP Buzz Buzz featured on most of the Irish best of year lists in 2018. Oh, and they're not even old enough to drive yet.

Trends are cyclical in nature and are often born out of a reaction to that which has become a norm, and the current rise in Irish garage-rock bands is no different. Ireland is known worldwide for its affluence of singer-songwriters and folk artists, yet the rise in garage-rock bands shows that there's a hardiness to us too. Nationwide schemes such as Music Generation have also encouraged a growth in more rural parts of the country, an organisation that played a role in how PowPig got together in the first place.

PowPig-Plec-Picks-2019-by-Aaron-Corr-035

"Laura and Anna-Marie were in the same school, and so were Leah and Andrea. We all became more familiar with one another through Music Generation Limerick. Anna-Marie met Andrea through Instagram and became friends, then she tried to convince Andrea to join Music Generation and that’s how she met Leah. The three of us were making music, after about a couple of months Laura joined and that was the start of the band."

PowPig's whole inception feels very natural and this translates to their writing process to their live performances: one of the their biggest draws is their fun, unabashed relationship with each other and also with their music. On stage and off, they are charismatic and charming, both of which are welcome characteristics in an industry where personas and guises are often donned for performances and shed once the show is over.

Limerick hasn't always been known for its affluence of new artists but PowPig look like they're going to change that. The band credit the city for fostering a sense of creativity and artistry in them, with new, local initiatives encouraging up and coming bands to perform and collaborate regularly.

"The music scene in Limerick is something we’re so lucky to be part of. There’s always really great gigs being put on all around the place... 'DIY LK' are a local music collective whose aim is to put on gigs for local and international alternative acts."

This is evident from a recent tribute music video to Dolores O’Riordan and The Cranberries which PowPig took part in. The video features clips of several Limerick musicians on a couch, recreating the famous Cranberries album covers as a cover of When You’re Gone plays in the background. The video highlights the diversity of the Limerick music scene, with folk artists juxtaposing opera singers to rock bands.

"We’re really lucky to be part of such a welcoming community of musicians who genuinely look out for each other and help each other in any way they can."

PowPig-Plec-Picks-2019-by-Aaron-Corr-029

PowPig weave an eclectic mix of influences into their own deftly original sound: they cite The 1975, Fleetwood Mac, Tyler the Creator, PJ Harvey, Janelle Monáe, and Jimi Hendrix as influences and while these bands bare little resemblance to PowPig's music, it is clear that they have taken elements from each of them in either character or attitude. PowPig's two EPs are lo-fi rock, rough around the edges and inherently authentic to them.

They gush about their Irish contemporaries, "Paddy Hanna is someone we listen to a lot, Bad Boys is a real anthem for us. Junior Brother is really cool, we especially love Hungover at Mass. Pillow Queens are class and have always been super nice to us. Mongoose are so talented, and have been so encouraging!"

Punk and garage rock were traditionally male associated genres and the surge in females getting involved it is a real sign that movements such as #MeToo might be trickling down into smaller music scenes. When asked about other Irish artists that they like, the list a plethora of primarily female artists including Soak, Saint Sister, Girlfriend, Wyvern lingo, and Cherym as well as male/mixed bands such as and Thumper and Just Mustard.

One of the most compelling characteristics of PowPig's artistry is their friendship and kinship between each other. At their performance at Other Voices, they joked and laughed with a gentle easiness on stage, making you wish you were in on the joke. After their set, I noticed them huddled in a corner excitedly discussing their performance and hugging one another in mini celebration.

PowPig-Plec-Picks-2019-by-Aaron-Corr-036

What's next? The girls are gearing up to complete their Leaving Cert in June before heading to university in the autumn, a move that brings with it an inevitable but temporary separation (three of the girls are going into first year this September - two in Dublin and one in Limerick - with a fourth following next year). Moving away is a daunting prospect for most bands but PowPig are optimistic that the move will only make them more productive when they are together.

"We know it’ll definitely be harder to practice regularly and things like that, but it’s so easy to stay in touch and send ideas for songs over the phone that I don’t think we’ll have too big a problem with that. Plus it just means that when we do get the chance to play together that we’ll have to be productive because we won’t have loads of time to mess around."

With two singles due early in 2019 and plans to record an album in the summer, the girls are wasting no time asserting their presence in the Irish music industry. Thank us later - PowPig are officially your new favourite band.

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❤️ "It has made me happy, more confident and healthier." ❤️

Charlotte is 35 years old and a member of Doncaster Mencap. Through the Round the World Challenge she has completed 160 hours of sport and physical activity, including basketball, football, bowling, curling, tennis and Wii fit. It has also enabled her to feel more confident and see her friends.

Today is the London launch of the Round the World Challenge, which supports people with a learning disability to get out and get active. It turns hours of fun sports and physical activities into a round the world adventure.

Find out how you can get involved now: https://bit.ly/2HiPUJH

#RTWC

 

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La imagen puede contener: una o varias personas, personas de pie, cielo, nieve y exterior

 

There is 'snow' stopping the Toronto Rose Centrefrom raising vital funds at the inaugural Toronto Rose 5k! ❄️☃️

With temperatures as low as minus 18 degrees celsius (yes, really!), we have the utmost respect for these dedicated volunteers. 

Toronto Rose, Carly, will join 20 fellow skilled Roses and Escorts from Rose of Tralee International Festival to volunteer in Belarus with CCI in mid-February. 2018 Rose of Tralee Kirsten Mate Maherwill lead the group of volunteers, who undertake phenomenal fundraising ahead of their trip.

 

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JAN. 28, 2019

 

1
 
ADVOCACYCITIZENSHIP

A New 'Agenda for the World': Top Italian Minister Champions Foreign Aid

“We are getting a lot in return."

Why Global Citizens Should Care
As countries around the world scrutinize foreign aid investments, Italy is doubling down on its overseas commitments, understanding that for every dollar spent in promoting development, it gets much more return. You can join us in taking action on this issue here.

The first item Emanuela C. Del Re hung up in her office as deputy foreign ministry of Italy was a poster of Nelson Mandela, which she got when she was working as an election monitor in South Africa as apartheid was coming to an end.

After a lifetime of book-writing, academia, and on-the-ground humanitarian work, Del Re is bringing an expert’s and insider’s knowledge to Italy’s international development after assuming the role last year.

“I think that after so many years of endless engagement and great passion and vocation, if a country like Italy calls you and asks you to take responsibility at a national level, I think you have to accept,” she told a crowd of Global Citizens at the organization’s New York City headquarters on Monday.

Take Action: A Group of Donors Committed $105 Million to End Trachoma

Actúa: Send Thanks!

 
 
 
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En asociación con: Coty

Foreign aid is often described as a form of transnational charity — a way to prevent starvation and other calamities — but that narrow framing ignores the enormous benefits donor nations receive from the countries they invest in, Del Re said.

Donor nations benefit from increased trade, access to skilled workers, improved security, cooperation on global issues such as climate change and migration, and much more, she explained. Accordingly, countries should strive to reach the OECD target of spending 0.7% of gross national income on official development assistance (ODA), a goal Italy plans to reach by 2030.

“We’re really dictating a new philosophical and ethical agenda for the world,” Del Re said. “The concept of development, what does it mean? How much is it a sincere will to help countries to develop, and how much is it, instead, a secret will of exploiting a situation because of the way we can dictate the specific model we can enact in a place?”

 

MPOtBXeF_normal.jpg

#GlobalCitizen VP @micksheldrick now opens up the conversation with Minister @ecdelre to questions from Global Citizens in the room.

 

Fresh off of #Mandela100, @micksheldrick said he was delighted to hear @ecdelre still keeps a poster of Nelson Mandela being released from prison that she received when she was an election monitor in South Africa. pic.twitter.com/5bqwEnqTVd

View image on Twitter
 
 
 
 

 

Read More: $2.6 Trillion Is Lost to Corruption Every Year — And It Hurts the Poor the Most

Del Re described how Italy is undergoing a “revolution” of international development as it seeks to better incorporate the input of people affected by foreign aid, invest in long-term development programs that prevent emergencies, and prioritize youth and women around the world.

To that end, Italy has been convening groups of “special actors” in countries that it sends foreign aid to in an effort to better understand the needs of different areas and how Italy can be most useful.

For example, Del Re was recently in Libya and brought together various ministries to improve cross-government cooperation.

"We don’t have recipients, we have have partners,” she said. “We are getting a lot in return."

Del Re said that the spigot of foreign aid is too often only turned on when emergencies such as conflicts or natural disasters occur, rather than in times when the allocation of foreign aid can mitigate the causes that lead to emergencies.

Read More: Humanitarians Name Congo This Year's Most Neglected Crisis

“We have to focus on the potential, not only the problem,” she said. “Every day there is an epidemic, every day there is a climate disaster, every day there is a population suffering from discrimination and fleeing their country.

“We have to be prepared for emergencies, rather than act on the basis of emergencies,” she added.

For example, climate change is altering environments around the world in ways that primarily harm people living in extreme poverty. Rather than waiting for coastlines to be submerged or droughts to ravage agricultural belts, foreign aid should be spent on building up climate resilience and adaptation measures in vulnerable areas.

Similarly, Italy has been a strong champion of efforts to promote global health and prevent future epidemics. For example, the country has committed hundreds of millions of dollars to global vaccination efforts.  

Although Italy often gets criticized for a hardline approach to migration, Del Re said that the country has saved hundreds of thousands of people in the Mediterranean Sea and is working on ways to resolve the underlying structural issues that force a person to migrate under perilous circumstances.

Read More: Trump Says Countries That Receive Foreign Aid Do 'Nothing for Us' — We Crunched the Numbers

She also spoke about the need to improve global education programs for people in emergency settings, especially for girls and for people who are older than 18.

“There’s entire generations of young people who don’t study anymore and do not have access to universities,” she said. “This is something we have to take into close consideration, otherwise we don’t favor real growth for populations.”

Del Re has spent her career promoting peaceful transfers of power, robust education programs, and gender equality, and is confident that foreign aid around the world is undergoing a transformation beyond just Italy.

At the root of this, she said, is the increasingly interconnected nature of the world.

“In my view, one of the foundations of what we want to achieve in the future is to give everyone in the world an opportunity to be a global citizen,” she said.

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MEDIO AMBIENTE

Estas son las 10 mejores formas de combatir el cambio climático, según expertos

Las soluciones están al alcance.

ap_071103048170.jpg__1264x568_q85_crop_subsampling-2.jpg
 AP Photo/Dita Alangkara

Para el final del siglo, entre el 30% y el 50% de todas las especies en la Tierra podrían extinguirse. El planeta podría enfrentar una escasez de agua catastrófica. Y cientos de millones de personas serán desplazadas de sus hogares.

 

El motivo es simple: el cambio climático. La forma de evitarlo no lo es.

 

Antes, los humanos deben realizar cientos de cambios fundamentales para que las emisiones globales se reduzcan lo suficiente para así poder evitar las devastadoras consecuencias del cambio climático.

 

Algunas formas de reducir las emisiones son tan difíciles de alcanzar porque buscan cambiar hábitos tan arraigados que es difícil pensar en su implementación a escala global.

 

No obstante, las mejores mentes del mundo se encuentran investigando qué se debe cambiar y cómo se pueden realizar estos cambios.

Actúa: Firma

 
 
 
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Ese es esencialmente el propósito del acuerdo climático de París. Todos los países del mundo, excepto Siria, Nicaragua y Estados Unidos, se han comprometido a reducir las emisiones a través de este marco y están trabajando para alcanzar objetivos individuales.

 

Los encargados del acuerdo se encuentran en un proceso continuo para determinar cuáles son las mejores tácticas para que los países alcancen sus objetivos.

 

Drawdown es una organización sin fines de lucro que reúne a científicos, activistas y políticos, entre otros, dedicada a hacer precisamente eso.

 

Recientemente publicó las 100 mejores soluciones para combatir el cambio climático y reducir las emisiones al evaluar los costos de cada acción y calcular la cantidad de dióxido de carbono que se podría reducir.

 

Esta es la lista de los 10 mejores: (Como referencia, una gigatonelada es el equivalente en peso a más de 6 millones de ballenas azules).


10 / Techos solares. 24.6 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

Tesla Solar Roof Elon Musk renewable energyImage: YouTube

Los avances en la tecnología y el abaratamiento de los costos de fabricación han hecho que los paneles solares estén disponibles para casi todo el mundo. La adopción generalizada de paneles solares en los hogares podría permitirle a aquellas comunidades en países de bajos ingresos "dar el salto" a los combustibles fósiles, de forma similar a la cantidad de países en desarrollo que lo hicieron con el uso de teléfonos móviles.

 


9 / Silvopastoreo - 31.19 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

Silvopasture, sustainable agriculture and livestock raisingImage: National Agroforestry Center

 

Esta antigua técnica para criar ganado integra los árboles a las pasturas, lo que reduce drásticamente las emisiones generadas por los animales. También regenera ecosistemas, crea nuevas fuentes de alimentos e ingresos y mejora la salud de la vida silvestre. Este método también permite a los agricultores enfrentar mejor los efectos del cambio climático como la sequía.


8 / Granjas solares - 36.9 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

Solar panels Kiryat Gat.jpg

 

La energía solar costaba $1,900 por vatio en 1954. Actualmente, cuesta menos de 65 centavos y el precio sigue bajando a medida que se avanza en tecnología. Las granjas solares tienen más potencial que los techos solares porque cubren grandes extensiones de espacio y capturan más energía del sol.


7 / Planificación familiar - 59.6 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

DfID Family Planning1.jpgImage: Lindsay Mgbor/Department for International Development

 

No se trata de imponer límites sobre la cantidad de niños que una familia debe tener. Se trata en cambio de proporcionarle a las mujeres todas las opciones de control de natalidad y salud reproductiva, que 225 millones de mujeres en países de bajos ingresos dicen necesitar. Al empoderar a las mujeres con opciones de educación y salud, bajan las tasas de natalidad y disminuye la tensión de la población en el planeta.

 


6 / Educar a las niñas - 59,6 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

getting girls to school period-hero.jpgImage: Flickr: Develop Africa

 

Global Citizen lo ha dicho antes y lo diremos nuevamente: la educación de las niñas es la raíz de la erradicación de la pobreza. También es la raíz de la lucha contra el cambio climático. Cuando las niñas reciben una educación completa, tienen menos hijos y más sanos, contribuyen más al crecimiento económico y son mejores administradoras del medio ambiente, entre otros beneficios.

 


5 / Bosques tropicales - 61.23 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

amazon rainforest.jpgImage: Pixabay: rosinakaiser

 

Los bosques tropicales alguna vez cubrieron el 12% de la masa terrestre de la Tierra. Ahora están presentes en solo el 5%. Restaurar los bosques tropicales puede capturar enormes cantidades de carbono, salvaguardar y reponer los ecosistemas, y proporcionar ingresos sostenibles y fuentes de alimentos.



4 / Dietas ricas en vegetales: 66.11 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

Vegetables.jpg

"Si el ganado fuera su propia nación, sería el tercer mayor emisor mundial de gases de efecto invernadero", escribe Drawdown en su evaluación. Pasar de la dieta occidental centrada en la carne a una vegetariana que gira en torno a frutas y verduras puede reducir drásticamente las emisiones, al tiempo que promueve la salud y ayuda a los ecosistemas a desarrollarse.


3 / Reducción del desecho de alimentos: 70.53 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

Food wasteImage: Getty Images

 

El desecho de alimentos representa el 8% de las emisiones globales y ocurre a lo largo de la cadena de suministro de alimentos, desde el cultivo hasta el almacenamiento y consumo. Crear mejores sistemas para procesar y consumir alimentos es una forma sensata y fácil de generar un gran impacto en las emisiones globales.


2 / Turbinas eólicas en tierra - 84.6 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

Wind power in GermanyImage: Flickr/ian munroe

 

Los parques eólicos son fáciles de construir, necesitan poca superficie de tierra y generan cantidades significativas de energía a tasas que rivalizan con los combustibles fósiles. Hoy, casi el 4% de toda la electricidad es generada por parques eólicos y esta tasa seguirá aumentando a medida que las inversiones continúen batiendo récords: en 2016 se produjo el mayor aumento de generación de energía eólica en la historia.


1 / Gestión de refrigerantes - 89,74 gigatoneladas de CO2 evitadas

Rwanda Climate Meeting to ban HFCs, greenhouse gas found in air conditions and refrigeratorsImage: AP Photo/Desmond Boylan, File

 

Los acondicionadores de aire refrescan las habitaciones y los autos y refrigeradores enfrían los alimentos y las bebidas, pero en los dos casos calientan el planeta más que cualquier otra cosa en el mundo.

 

El Protocolo de Montreal eliminó los HCFC y los CFC que consumían ozono de estos dispositivos, pero marcó el comienzo de la era de los HFC. Si bien este compuesto no causa la desintegración del ozono, calienta la atmósfera a un ritmo de 900 a 1,000 veces más que el CO2. Según Drawdown, más del 90% de estas emisiones ocurren al final del ciclo de vida de un producto, por lo que contar con mejores sistemas de gestión puede reducir su impacto.

 

El acuerdo de Kigali de 2016 busca reducir los HFC y solamente en ese caso, reduciría un punto Fahrenheit de las temperaturas proyectadas.

 

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FEB. 1, 2019

 

 
 
CITIZENSHIP

33 Sex Trafficking Arrests Made Following Super Bowl Crackdown

Advocacy groups dispute the claim that the Super Bowl causes more human trafficking.

Why Global Citizens Should Care
More than 40.3 million people are trafficked against their will, the majority of whom are women and children. You can join us in taking action on this issue here.

Federal authorities working with Atlanta’s police department arrested 33 people on sex trafficking charges over the past week in the lead up to the Super Bowl, according to the Guardian.

As a result of the raids, four trafficking survivors have been rescued.

The Super Bowl, which will take place on Feb.3, and other major sporting events usually entail a surge in sex trafficking-related arrests, although advocacy groups say that this is likely not due to an increase in sex trafficking around sporting events, but rather heightened police presence.

Law enforcement agencies, however, argue that major events attract human trafficking organizations that cater to tourists in the area, the Guardian reports. Regardless of whether or not the event causes an increase in trafficking, the attention and coverage around the Super Bowl provides an opportunity to raise awareness about the issue.

Take Action: Ask World Leaders to Ratify the Forced Labour Protocol

Actúa: Sign Petition

 
 
 
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En asociación con: International Labour Organization

"The Super Bowl is an opportunity for us to talk about [human trafficking], but it's something we have to be vigilant about 12 months out of the year," Atlanta Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms told CNN.

"It's about making sure that the thousands of men and women who work in our hotels understand what the signs are. It's about making sure our police officers understand what the signs are. It's about making sure the public is informed," she added.

Planning for the Super Bowl’s security has been underway for more than two years. In recent weeks, hundreds of local, state, and federal authorities have arrived in Atlanta, and additional security and surveillance measures have been taken to protect the city during the event. As a result, police have been able to dedicate more resources to tracking and apprehending criminals, including perpetrators of human trafficking.

This increase in arrests, however, can overwhelm local court systems and can negatively impact victims of sex trafficking. Additional law enforcement has been dedicated to targeting people engaged in prostitution, who are often the victims of sex trafficking themselves.  

Read More: Record Number of Girls Reported as Human Trafficking Victims: UN

“If, indeed, the goal is to address human trafficking, why is law enforcement targeting those believed to be victims?” Kate Mogulescu, the founder of the Trafficking Victims Advocacy Project at the Legal Aid Society, wrote in the New York Times.

In the days surrounding the Super Bowl, the National Human Trafficking Hotline does receive more calls reporting alleged trafficking incidents. However, advocates say that the increase is due heightened awareness as a result of anti-trafficking campaign efforts in Super Bowl host cities.

Hundreds of hotels in Atlanta received bars of soap bearing the National Human Trafficking Hotline number in the week before the Super Bowl, as part of one such initiative, and anti-trafficking posters have been postedthroughout the city’s major areas of transit.

Human trafficking is a year-round problem in Atlanta, which has the largest illegal sex industry among 14 major cities in the US, according to the Center for Civil and Human Rights.

Read More: Video Calls Are Helping Trafficking Survivors Seek Justice

Rather than briefly cracking down on trafficking during major sporting events, advocacy groups are advocating for more resources to be dedicated to protecting victims and breaking up trafficking rings throughout the year.

Around the world, an estimated 40.3 million people are trafficked, the majority of whom are women and children.

While there are no exact numbers on human trafficking in the US, Polaris, a group fighting modern slavery, said that there was a 13% increase in reported cases between 2016 and 2017, and estimates that more than 100,000 people at any given time are being trafficked.

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17 DE ENERO DE 2019

 

11
 
NIÑAS Y MUJERES

9 importantes momentos en los que las mujeres lograron cambiar la ley

Porque todos podemos hacer que el cambio suceda.

 

 

Por qué es importante para los Global Citizens
La igualdad de género es una victoria para todos: mujeres y niñas logran igual acceso a la educación y oportunidades de empleo, las familias ven los beneficios. Esto además ayuda a combatir el cambio climático y el hambre, y a salir de la pobreza. Sin embargo, el 90% de los países tienen todavía leyes que restringen las oportunidades de las mujeres y niñas. Únete a nosotros tomando medidas aquí para lograr leyes que empoderen a las mujeres y niñas de todo el mundo.


Habitualmente al hablar de leyes sentimos que se trata de algo distante, impenetrable, separado de nosotros.

 

Sin embargo las leyes gobiernan nuestras vidas. Deciden qué podemos hacer, quiénes podemos ser, dónde y cuándo podemos esperar sentirnos seguros y, lo más importante, cuándo y cómo podemos esperar que se haga justicia.

 

En nuestro mundo, el 90% de los países aún tienen leyes que restringen las oportunidades de las mujeres. Esta discriminación tiene consecuencias en la vida real, lo que significa que es de vital importancia tomar acción para evitar caer en la aceptación sin cuestionamientos del status quo.

 

Es por esto que hemos decidido publicar un listado de algunas mujeres y niñas increíbles que lucharon y tomaron medidas para impulsar el cambio.

 

1. Australia

Flickr - Jenny Scott.jpgImage: Flickr - Jenny Scott

 

A Grace, una mujer transgénero en Australia, se le negó el derecho a cambiar su sexo en su certificado de nacimiento después de haber realizado la transición de hombre a mujer.

 

Esto ocurrió porque ella estaba casada con una mujer, y las leyes australianas exigían que las personas transgénero casadas se divorciaran antes de poder cambiar su sexo en su certificado de nacimiento.

 

A Grace no le permitieron cambiar su certificado de nacimiento a menos que se divorciara de su esposa, porque en ese momento no se permitía el matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo en Australia.

 

Así que Grace decidió luchar por sus derechos y, en junio de 2017, ganó. El Comité de Derechos Humanos de la ONU dictaminó a su favor, etiquetando las leyes como una violación del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos.

 

2. España

International-End-Violence-Against-Women-Day.jpgImage: Francisco Seco/AP

Miles de personas salieron a las calles en España en abril de 2018, luego de que cinco hombres acusados de violar a una mujer de 18 años en Pamplona fueron condenados por abuso sexual, un delito menos severa.

 

El hecho conmovió a toda la sociedad y se convirtió en una gran noticia, en parte debido a que los acusados habrían intercambiado mensajes de WhatsApp sobre el incidente, así como videos de la violación, que se usaron como evidencia.

 

Pero la indignación y las protestas, en gran parte lideradas por mujeres, marcaron en realidad una gran diferencia. En julio de 2018, el Primer Ministro Pedro Sánchez anunció un cambio de ley que indica que el sexo sin consentimiento explícito se consideraría una violación.

 

3. Libano

Durante décadas, los violadores en el Líbano pudieron escapar de la persecución si se casaban con sus víctimas, en una brecha que permitía a los delincuentes escapar de crímenes impactantes y sin ningún tipo de justicia.

 

Los activistas pasaron años pidiendo que se revoque ese estatuto perjudicial, conocido como el artículo 522.

 

Esto incluso motivó algunas campañas publicitarias para llamar la atención internacional sobre el tema. Algunas de las protestas más impactantes fueron las de diciembre de 2016, cuando una docena de mujeres libanesas protestaron con sus vestidos de novia puestos cubiertos de sangre falsa; o en abril de 2017, cuando colgaron vestidos de novia de sogas en una playa de Beirut.

 

Luego, en agosto de 2017, las protestas lograron éxito. El parlamento del Líbano eliminó la ley en lo que fue descrito por el grupo de derechos de las mujeres Abaad como un "triunfo para la dignidad de las mujeres".

 

Túnez y Jordania también eliminaron leyes similares en 2017 en una victoria masiva para mujeres y niñas en todo el mundo, pero el trabajo aún no ha terminado. Las leyes como esta todavía existen, a pesar del progreso, en países como Argelia, Filipinas y Tayikistán, entre otros.

 

4. Marruecos

women in morocco.jpgImage: Flickr: Davide Fantino

En tan solo unos pocos meses de 2017, dos videos de mujeres acosadas y agredidas sexualmente en Marruecos se volvieron virales, lo que desató un feroz debate sobre el estado de las leyes de acoso sexual en el país.

 

La ira y la frustración de los activistas hicieron que el gobierno "considerara cómo lidiar con este tipo de fenómeno para que tales actos no vuelvan a ocurrir".

 

Luego, en septiembre de 2018, Marruecos anunció una nueva ley que penaliza la violencia contra las mujeres, imponiendo penas más severas a los perpetradores, tanto en público como en privado, incluidas violaciones, acoso sexual y abuso doméstico.

 

Se la conoce informalmente como la ley Hakkaoui, y también tiene una definición explícita de acoso sexual que incluye actos en persona, en línea o por teléfono.

 

Sin embargo, los críticos aún sienten que queda mucho para resolver el problema, pero es un buen paso en la dirección correcta.

 

5. India

India protest against sexual violence, rape.jpgImage: AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool

 

En abril de 2018, una mujer llamada Swati Maliwal, la jefa de la Comisión de Mujeres de Delhi, se declaró en huelga de hambre y dijo que no volvería a comer hasta que se enmendaran las leyes de violación de la India.

 

Su acto desafiante se produjo cuando miles de personas en todo el país marcharon en protesta contra la violencia sexual y pidieron leyes de violación más estrictas, luego de la indignación generalizada por dos casos impactantes, una violación en grupo de una niña de 16 años en Uttar Pradesh, y otra violación en grupo y asesinato de una niña de 8 años en un templo en Cachemira.

 

Maliwal finalmente terminó su huelga de hambre después de nueve días, luego de que el Primer Ministro Narendra Modi aprobó una orden ejecutiva que introdujera la pena de muerte para las personas condenadas por violar a un niño menor de 12 años.

 

El cambio de ley también significa que la policía tiene que completar las investigaciones de violación dentro de dos meses; además de aumentar la máxima sentencia posible en prisión por la violación de niñas menores de 16 años y mujeres, aunque no se mencionan agresiones a niños ni a hombres.

 

6. El salvador

 

 

En El Salvador, la edad legal para contraer matrimonio es de 18 años.

 

Hasta agosto de 2017, sin embargo, los hombres todavía podían casarse con niñas menores de edad si habían embarazado a la niña y tenían la aprobación de sus padres.

 

La ley fue muy criticada por activistas, quienes argumentaron que a menudo se cometen abusos y se les permite a los delincuentes sexuales salir de la cárcel al casarse con sus víctimas, dejando a las niñas y sus bebés vulnerables ante la violencia. También argumentaron que la ley estaba siendo mal utilizada, especialmente en las áreas rurales, donde un vacío legal permite que las niñas menores de edad aún se casen.

 

Finalmente, en agosto de 2017, gracias a los esfuerzos de los activistas los legisladores le pusieron fin a la polémica ley.

 

7. En Inglaterra y Gales

 

Hace solo 18 meses, Gina Martin, de 26 años, fue víctima de upskirting por un hombre en un festival en el Hyde Park de Londres. Esencialmente, el upskirting es tomar una fotografía no solicitada en la falda de alguien, y Martin, comprensiblemente, se horrorizó cuando vio la foto en el teléfono del hombre.

 

Pero, después de informar a la policía de lo que supuso que era un delito, le dijeron que en realidad no se había cometido ningún delito, ya que, en algunas circunstancias es legal.

 

Ahora, después de un año y medio de campaña implacable Martin se ha asegurado con éxito de que esto no vuelva a ocurrir.

El 15 de enero de 2019, se aprobó en la Cámara de los Lores un proyecto para que el upskirting se convierta oficialmente en un crimen en Inglaterra y Gales. Ahora será castigado con hasta dos años de cárcel, y todo gracias a Gina Martin.

 

Esta decisión hace que Inglaterra y Gales estén en línea con Escocia, donde el upskirting ha sido declarado delito desde 2010.

 

8. En Zimbabwe

 

Ruvimbo Tsopodzi tenía solo 15 años cuando se vio obligada a casarse con un hombre que no había elegido.

 

A los cuatro meses estaba embarazada, y su nuevo esposo tenía una adicción de drogas y alcohol, y se comportaba de manera abusiva con ella.

 

La relación continuó hasta que Tsopodzi pudo persuadir a su padre para que le permitiera continuar su educación, realizar su sueño de ser enfermera y escapar de su marido.

 

Como parte de su nueva vida, Tsopodzi se unió a una organización llamada Roots en 2013, que también es miembro de la red mundial de organizaciones contra matrimonios infantiles Niñas no novias.

 

Roots se asoció con un grupo de expertos legales llamado Veritas, una organización que hacía campaña contra el matrimonio infantil y que buscaba a las niñas para llevar sus casos de matrimonio infantil a la corte. En 2016, Tsopodzi y otra mujer llamada Loveness Mudzuru iniciaron su lucha para ponerle fin al matrimonio infantil.

 

En Zimbabwe, antes de los esfuerzos de campaña de Tsopodzi, los niños aún podrían casarse a los 16 años siempre que tuvieran el permiso de sus padres.

 

 

Pero Tsopodzi y Mudzuru apelaron a la Corte Constitucional de su país para ponerle fin a la Ley de matrimonio, y ganaron. Su apelación fue concedida y el tribunal declaró inconstitucional la legislación existente, reconociendo que 18 era la edad mínima para contraer matrimonio.

 

9. Escocia

 

Monica Lennon, miembro del parlamento escocés (MSP), es quien lucha para ponerle fin a la pobreza en Escocia. Ella lanzó una campaña en 2017 para que escuelas, colegios, universidades y cualquier chica que los necesite puedan acceder a productos sanitarios de forma gratuita.

 

Su campaña tuvo un fuerte impacto a nivel nacional luego de que una serie de informes descubrieran que muchas mujeres y niñas tuvieron que improvisar productos sanitarios porque no podían comprarlos.

 

En agosto de 2018, sus esfuerzos se vieron recompensados cuando Escocia anunció un cambio de política histórico para ayudar a erradicar la pobreza, al convertirse en el primer país del mundo en proporcionar a las estudiantes de escuelas, colegios y universidades productos gratuitos.

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JAN. 31, 2019

 

 
 
HEALTH

Global Health Is Good for World Peace, Melinda Gates Says

Every $1 invested in the global health funds creates $20 in social and economic benefits.


Why Global Citizens Should Care
Organizations like Gavi, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, and more help save millions of lives around the world by providing health care services. Without funding, poorer communities are at higher risk of life-threatening ailments. You can help increase access to health resources by taking action here.

Melinda Gates is campaigning to ensure that organizations on the frontlines of improving the health of women and children get the funding they need to continue their life-saving work, according to an op-ed Gates wrote for CNN.

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative; Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance; the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria; and the Global Financing Facility (GFF) need to raise funds in the next 18 months to continue doing their work, according to the op-ed, published on Monday.

“With politicians around the world turning to the rhetoric of isolationism, I worry governments that have been reliable donors, including my own country the United States, will stop investing and let the funds run low,” wrote Gates. “This could squander the opportunity to make historic progress in the fight against disease through sustained investment in the global health funds.”

Take Action: Stand With Every Woman, Every Child: Ask World Leaders to End Preventable Deaths

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Over the past 20 years, Gates and her husband Bill have donated over $10 billion to these organizations — but the pair say it's been worth every cent.

“These organizations are not trivial or expendable. In fact, they are probably the best investments our foundation has ever made,” said Bill.

These programs save millions of lives around the world by, for example, providing vital vaccines and health care to impoverished communities.

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, has vaccinated about 700 million children, and since it was founded, the number of children under 5 years old dying in middle- and low-income countries has dropped by an estimated 40%.

The Global Fund has helped to fight HIV, AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria around the world. Health programs that have worked with the Global Fund partnership have saved 27 million lives.

“If we’re not winning the war against the diseases we're losing it,” said Peter Sands, executive director of the Global Fund.

Polio cases have dropped by 99.99% since the Global Polio Eradication Initiative was created in 1988.

Read More: The US Must Continue Supporting Polio Eradication — And Here’s Why

But without increased funding, these organizations will be extremely limited in their ability to continue helping others achieve and maintain good health and that's not just bad for people's health — it's bad for world peace.

"I've described the impact of the global health funds in terms of lives saved. That's a pretty good metric by itself, but it's also part of something bigger: Saving lives is the first step toward a more prosperous and peaceful world," Melinda wrote.

Improving global health also makes good financial sense. Every dollar that is invested in improving global health generates about $20 in socioeconomic benefits, according to the Copenhagen Consensus Center.

“With sustained investment, the global health funds will continue to save millions upon millions of lives and pave the way for a secure and stable future,” said Melinda. “Those are the kinds of investments the world should be doubling down on.

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Download these exclusive #PovertyIsSexist wallpapers
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GIRLS AND WOMEN

Download these exclusive #PovertyIsSexist wallpapers

March 20 2018 | By: SAMANTHA URBAN

 
 
  

There is nowhere on earth where women have the same opportunities as men, but the gender gap is wider for women living in poverty.

Poverty is sexist. And we won’t stand by while the poorest women are overlooked.

Want to take action? Sign our open letter to world leaders here.

Want to show your support? Download these free wallpapers created exclusively for the Poverty is Sexist campaign by talented female illustrators from around the world:

1280-x-720-1024x576.jpg

MOBILE | DESKTOP

ONE_IWD2018_2_desktop_1920x1080-1024x576

MOBILE | DESKTOP

ONE_IWD2018_3_desktop_1920x1080-1024x576

MOBILE | DESKTOP

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Winner of the ‘alternative nobel prize’ turns desert to forest in Burkina Faso
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AGRICULTURE

Winner of the ‘alternative nobel prize’ turns desert to forest in Burkina Faso

25 September 2018 3:43PM UTC | By: THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION

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This story was originally reported by Nellie Peyton, editing by Claire Cozens for the Thomson Reuters Foundation

A farmer from Burkina Faso who popularized an ancient farming technique to reverse desertification is among the winners of Sweden’s “alternative Nobel prize”, announced on Monday.

Yacouba Sawadogo shared this year’s award with three Saudi human rights activists and an Australian agronomist. The 3 million Swedish crown ($341,800) prize honours people who find solutions to global problems.

Sawadogo is known for turning barren land into forest using “zai” – pits dug in hardened soil that concentrate water and nutrients, allowing crops to withstand drought.

The technique has been used to restore thousands of hectares of dry land and in doing so reduce hunger in Burkina Faso and Niger since he began to teach it in the 1980s, according to the Right Livelihood Award Foundation.

Sawadogo said he hoped he would be able to “use the award for the future”.

“My wish is for people to take my knowledge and share it. This can benefit the youth of the country,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone from his village in Burkina Faso.

The country dips into a semi-arid zone below the Sahara desert known as the Sahel, where climate change and land overuse are making it increasingly difficult to farm, experts say.

“Yacouba Sawadogo vowed to stop the desert – and he made it,” said Ole von Uexkull, executive director of the Right Livelihood Award Foundation.

“If local communities and international experts are ready to learn from his wisdom, it will be possible to regenerate large areas of degraded land, decrease forced migration and build peace in the Sahel.”

Last year, erratic rains left nearly a million people in need of food aid across the country.

Sawadogo initially faced resistance for his unconventional technique, based on an ancient method that had fallen out of practice. Now “zai” have been adopted by aid agencies working to prevent hunger in the region.

Sawadogo told his story in a 2010 film called “The Man Who Stopped the Desert“.

ONE welcomes the contributions of guest bloggers but does not necessarily endorse the views, programs, or organisations highlighted.

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The sky is the limit for our incredible volunteers 2764.png❤️

Emily O'Keefe is volunteering as a nurse with CCI later this year...and is climbing Mount Kilimanjaro to raise funds for CCI's life-saving programmes! 🏔

At 5,896m, Mt Kilimanjaro is the largest freestanding mountain in the world and Emily's journey to Tanzania begins on Wednesday, 06 March.

Click on the link below to support Emily's incredible fundraising endeavour, which is all in aid of CCI's Medical Care Programmes.

https://give.everydayhero.com/ie/chernobyl-is-forever-help-children-thrive-emily-o-keeffe-vol?fbclid=IwAR1HII5H5AYlJI9tWE9y9XrkH8wncnSQvJt2AyJ7AqXQT1jqtE5pRaM-BKQ

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La imagen puede contener: una o varias personas y niños

Meet Liza...

Like many children in the Chernobyl affected region, Lisa was born with a profound disability. She is seven years old and has a cerebral herniation - a type of hydrocephalus - a cleft lift and palate, glaucoma in both eyes and suffers from frequent seizures.

At first, Liza was taken away from her parents and placed in a faceless, state-run institution, where she was badly neglected.

"Now, thanks to Chernobyl Children International, we can keep her with us at home", says her mum, Enna.

While Liza may not have a long life, we have comfort in knowing that she will have the best possible in the loving home of her family, thanks to the generosity of our incredibly kind donors and volunteers.

www.chernobyl-international.com/donate

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Did you know there hasn't been a national survey of people with a #LearningDisability in 15 years? 😲

Fear not! We've got this covered. 😉
Our national survey is now open! 🎆

If you have a learning disability take part now: https://bit.ly/2G9MLd0 🖋️

La imagen puede contener: 1 persona, sentado, rayas e interior

Edited by tan_lejos_tan_cerca

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