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  1. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    Por Nicki Fleischner y Erica Sanchez 1 DE DICIEMBRE DE 2015 6 CIUDADANÍA Esta granja de piñas en Colombia podría convertirse en un ejemplo para la paz Esta fruta es la ganadora. Wikimedia Commons- Abejaobrera ¿Alguna vez tuviste una pelea importante con un buen amigo? Hay gritos y maldiciones... ¿tal vez incluso un golpe o algunas lágrimas? Por lo general, en algún momento, independientemente de qué tan explosivo haya sido el argumento, hay una "resolución". La gente se disculpa, murmura "lo siento" y la pelea termina. Pero realmente no ha terminado. Como probablemente recuerde cualquiera que alguna vez ha estado en una pelea real, que una "buena batalla haya terminado" en realidad no significa que todo vuelva a ser color de rosa. La transición lleva un tiempo. Persiste el resentimiento y la ira después de la "resolución". Imagino que los distintos grupos opuestos de un conflicto armado deben tener esta sensación multiplicada por un millón. Pero, sinceramente, cuando das un paso atrás y lo piensas, es una locura cómo los países se mueven más allá de una guerra civil. ¿Cómo después de años de hacer estrategias contra el enemigo, de odiarse mutuamente, de matarse unos a otros, de repente se firma un tratado de paz y se supone que todos deben volver a vivir pacíficamente en el mismo país? Es bastante loco. Si a los estudiantes de secundaria de dieciséis años les toma un tiempo hacer la transición, seguro que a los ejércitos también les lleva un tiempo. Tampoco es difícil imaginar momentos en que los soldados simplemente se derrumban. A medida que pasa el tiempo, su hostilidad se disipa. Se dan cuenta de que no quieren contribuir a más dolor y sufrimiento. Y aunque desearían poder comenzar de nuevo, no tienen idea de cómo hacerlo. Esta es la situación que enfrenta Colombia a medida que se acerca a un acuerdo de paz después de 50 años de conflicto civil. Es un conflicto que involucra a miles de personas que lucharon entre sí durante décadas y ahora, de alguna manera, necesitan aprender a seguir adelante. Image: Wikimedia Commons- Mrnico1092 Se siente como una tarea imposiblemente difícil. Pero puede haber un modelo para la paz, un ejemplo de esperanza, en un lugar inesperado: una granja de piña. Colombia ha estado involucrada en un conflicto extremadamente complicado y prolongado. Aunque actualmente es de baja intensidad, en sus cincuenta años de duración, el conflicto se ha cobrado más de 220,000 vidas(80% de ellas civiles) y ha desplazado a más de 6 millones de personas. Hoy, Colombia tiene la segunda población de desplazados internos más grande del mundo. Solo Siria, un país que ha estado dominando los titulares internacionales, tiene más. Como la mayoría de los conflictos globales, este se reduce al control del territorio y el poder. Los muchos actores involucrados -el gobierno, grupos paramilitares, guerrillas de izquierda- todos creen que sus intereses son más importantes y deberían ser dueños de la tierra. Pero todas las partes han sido acusadas de abusos contra los derechos humanos. Tanto los grupos guerrilleros como los grupos paramilitares que luchan contra ellos han sido acusados de participar en el tráfico de drogas y el terrorismo. En pocas palabras: nadie tiene las manos limpias y son incontables las vidas inocentes que se han destruido en el proceso. Image: Flickr- Sally Afortunadamente, en 2012, Colombia dijo basta y el gobierno comenzó las negociaciones de paz. Hubo altibajos, y muchas promesas incumplidas. Las conversaciones continúan hoy en La Habana. Pero aún queda una pregunta importante: ¿qué pasará con todas las ex guerrillas y paramilitares de Colombia? ¿Cómo se convencerá a las personas de que dejen sus armas y vivan pacíficamente? En la granja de piñas La Fortuna ha surgido una fuente de inspiración. "La Fortuna", ubicada en el este de Colombia, está a cargo de 100 ex combatientes que, debido a sus antecedentes, deberían estar matándose unos a otros. Algunos pertenecían a las FARC (el principal grupo guerrillero de izquierda), otros al ELN (otro grupo guerrillero) y otros a dos grupos paramilitares. Son todos hombres que, en esencia, fueron entrenados para odiarse y sabotearse mutuamente, pero han encontrado la manera de ir más allá y trabajar juntos. La granja comenzó a funcionar en 2005 cuando se ordenó a un grupo paramilitar, las AUC, que se desmovilice. Las AUC habían estado luchando contra los grupos guerrilleros y otros rivales por el control del territorio durante más de una década, y el número de víctimas estaba aumentando. El gobierno le pidió a todas las partes involucradas que detengan la violencia. Ellos lo hicieron, pero luego encontraron que era extremadamente difícil reintegrarse a la sociedad. El estigma también alcanzó a los rebeldes y los paramilitares. Las víctimas los querían muertos. Y era muy difícil encontrar trabajo para estos ex soldados. Todos estos ex soldados, independientemente de su afiliación, se sentían como parias, que eran odiados o juzgados por el resto de la comunidad. Fue desde este lugar de exclusión que nació “La Fortuna”. Al principio, todos los soldados desmovilizados se reunieron en un gimnasio de la escuela y realizaron talleres. Un día, a alguien se le ocurrió la idea de pedirle fondos al gobierno para comprar una granja. Ahora 100 socios, todos ex combatientes, comparten la propiedad de 635 acres. Han plantado 500,000 piñas, además de maíz y arroz. Cualquiera que tenga algo de dinero en efectivo puede trabajar la tierra por un día de salario, pero los ingresos se destinan a mantener la granja a flote. En lugar de pelearse, ahora se están ayudando unos a otros. Cambiaron la batalla por la labor en la granja. En lugar de imponer miedo en la sociedad, están plantando esperanza. Image: Flickr- castigatrote Estos ex soldados dicen que la granja les ha ayudado a hacer la transición de regreso a la sociedad. Se ha convertido en un proyecto compartido, un proyecto que motiva a todos. Un agricultor dijo que esperaba que La Fortuna fuera una fuente de inspiración para sus antiguos amigos de las FARC. "Creo que mostrarles esto les dará la idea de que 'sí, podemos hacerlo'. Sabemos que no todos quieren estar asociados con personas como nosotros, y no todos quieren apoyar a personas como nosotros, pero estamos tratando de dejar de lado ese estigma. Todo lo que queremos hacer es trabajar ". Aunque los agricultores de La Fortuna probablemente no lo piensen, su granja podría servir como modelo para el mundo en general. Su proyecto es una prueba de que incluso las personas menos esperadas pueden convertirse en aliadas en una causa compartida. Una prueba de que cuando te tomas el trabajo en conocer a alguien, en sentarte y hablar, a menudo descubres que hay más terreno común de lo que imaginabas. Es un mensaje que los Global Citizens pretenden lograr incluso en los momentos más simples de la vida cotidiana. Nuestro objetivo es encontrar siempre una manera de cerrar las brechas, comunicarnos y conectarnos. Ya sea a través de una actitud compasiva hacia los refugiados o simplemente tratar a un vecino con un carácter difícil con amabilidad, ser un Global Citizen implica esforzarse por ver más allá de la superficie y creer que tus acciones pueden hacer la diferencia. Es ahí donde se encuentra el verdadero progreso. TEMASCitizenshipColombiaFARCArticlepeacePineapples
  2. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    FEB. 18, 2019 OPINIONENVIRONMENT What's Next for the Climate Activists Who Skipped School to Protest? Four pieces of advice for what's to come. By Marc Hudson, PhD Candidate, Sustainable Consumption Institute, University of Manchester School students across the UK (and the world) went on strike on Feb. 15, leaving their lessons to protest the lack of effective action on climate change. Coordinated school strikes may be a novel tactic, but mass environmental activism isn’t. So will things be any more successful this time around? The first big global wave of ecological concern began in the late 1960s and involved fears of overpopulation, air and water pollution and the extinction of species. It peaked with the 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, which kicked off international environmental politics. Take Action: Take the Pledge to #UnplasticThePlanet Actúa: Take the Pledge 1 punto United StatesUnited KingdomGermanyCanadaAustraliaAfghanistanÅland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCabo VerdeCambodiaCameroonCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo (the Democratic Republic of the)Cook IslandsCosta RicaCôte d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands [Malvinas]Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambia (The)GeorgiaGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuamGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHoly See [Vatican City State]HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMicronesia (the Federated States of)MoldoviaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorth KoreaNorthern Mariana IslandsNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPalestine, State ofPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarRéunionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint BarthélemySaint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth KoreaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuelaVietnamVirgin Islands (British)Virgin Islands (U.S.)Wallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabwe En asociación con: Flow Alkaline Spring Water The next mass movement began in the late 1980s with concerns over the ozone hole, Amazonian deforestation, and newly-voiced fears of climate change — then known as the "greenhouse effect". That wave peaked with the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, which sought to tackle both global warming and biodiversity, and marked the beginning of coordinated climate action through the UN. That conference was addressed by a passionate and articulate young woman representing “ECO” — the Environmental Children’s Organization: From about 2006 to 2010 there was another, climate specific wave, beginning with Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth documentary, and groups like Climate Camp in the UK. It climaxed (or fizzled out) with the 2009 UN climate summit in Copenhagen. This wave saw the creation of various “Youth Climate Coalition” organisations in Australia and the UK. In academic terminology these periods of concern and relative indifference are known as the “Issue Attention Cycles”. A new wave of activism This latest wave of climate action emerged in 2018, in the shape of Extinction Rebellion and its French cousin (or inverse) the gilets jaunes. Earlier in the year, Swedish schoolgirl Greta Thunberg had begun her solo “school strike” in Stockholm while, more or less simultaneously, activists in America launched the “Zero Hour” youth climate march. Alongside this activism, the IPCC released its report on what it would take to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius, and Mother Nature lent a hand with blistering hot summers in the UK, California, and (more recently) Australia. Previous bursts of environmental activism occurred before climate breakdown had been quite so obvious and severe. This time around, the heatwaves, hurricanes, and floods will keep coming, perhaps making the latest wave of enthusiasm last longer. Related StoriesFeb. 15, 2019Young People Are Ditching School to Protest Climate Change. We Asked Why They Care. Maintaining momentum But what goes up must come down, and the students will find that it is very hard indeed to sustain emotional and physical mobilisation for a prolonged period. Right now, this issue is roughly where the Parkland shooting protests were last year — newsworthy for now, but the media caravan will inevitably move on. That has consequences: When protests and actions stop getting the same amount of attention, and it seems that momentum is stalling, internal disagreements as to what is the best way forward, beyond a cycle of marches and symbolic strikes, will emerge, and will need to be managed skilfully. Some will want to work “within the system” and get invited onto advisory panels and into consultative processes. Others will have to get on with real life (university, paying the rent, working on, ah, zero-hour contracts). On one front, the young are lucky – their age means it is hard to see any direct infiltration and “strategic incapacitation” by undercover police. But the flip side is that social media offers virtually limitless surveillance possibilities. 412 people are talking about this Twitter Ads info and privacy One possibility is an attempt to discredit and demoralise those who seem vulnerable. Elements of special interests like the oil and gas industry often try to “pick off” individual scientists or activists rather than take on a whole field — climate scientist Michael Mann has dubbed this the Serengeti Strategy as it resembles lions hunting the weakest zebras. We are already seeing this strategy in the latest wave of climate activism: recently Greta Thunberg had to address some rumours being circulated about her. Youth activists also face the problem that they may annoy their parents and grandparents. Yet before offering advice to the young, we older people have to ask ourselves, why should they listen to us? We’ve known about the problem and either been ineffective or done nothing. It is children who are owed an enormous apology and expression of humility. So for the latest generation of climate campaigners, my top four pieces of advice (see here for a longer list), based on both my activism and my time in academia, are as follows: Be aware of emotions. People won’t be persuaded just by being given more information on global temperatures or carbon budgets – psychological skills will matter, too. Your parents are probably wrestling with fear (aren’t we all?) and guilt for not having sorted this out before you had to. Fear and guilt make can make people oscillate from action to inaction, pessimism to optimism. Traditional “social movement” activities (marches, petitions, protests, camps) have a short shelf-life. The media gets bored and stops reporting. Meanwhile, those in power learn how to cope with the pressure. Be very careful about getting drawn into the Big Marches in London syndrome. You’re going to need to innovate, repeatedly. Even though time is short, this is still a marathon, not a sprint. But what would you say? How should we older people offer advice, when, who to, and about what? Suggestions in the comments please. This article was originally published in The Conversation. Read the original article here. TOPICSUKBritaincambio climaticoLondonClimate ChangeThe ConversationMarchProtestGreta Thunbergclimate strikehuelga climatica
  3. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    GIRLS & WOMEN Lebanon Just Appointed the Arab World's First Female Interior Minister Raya al-Hassan is ready to ensure safety for domestic violence survivors and refugees. Why Global Citizens Should Care Equal representation in government is key to achieving gender equality. Raya al-Hassan’s appointment empowers young girls and women to enter male-dominated workplaces. You can join us in taking action on this issue here. Raya al-Hassan is determined to make women in politics the norm. Lebanon has appointed Hassan as the Arab world’s first female interior minister, Reuters reports. She is one of four recently appointed women cabinet members in the country who are shaking up the new government and bringing the nation’s politics closer to achieving gender equality. Take Action: Encourage girls & women to follow their dreams Actúa: Tweet Now 1 punto United StatesUnited KingdomGermanyCanadaAustraliaAfghanistanÅland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCabo VerdeCambodiaCameroonCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo (the Democratic Republic of the)Cook IslandsCosta RicaCôte d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands [Malvinas]Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambia (The)GeorgiaGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuamGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHoly See [Vatican City State]HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMicronesia (the Federated States of)MoldoviaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorth KoreaNorthern Mariana IslandsNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPalestine, State ofPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarRéunionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint BarthélemySaint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth KoreaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuelaVietnamVirgin Islands (British)Virgin Islands (U.S.)Wallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabwe En asociación con: HP Inc. The interior minister typically oversees national security, immigration policies, and emergency management — and in Lebanon, the position has always been occupied by a man. “This is a point of pride for all women and all the people who believe in women’s capabilities,” Hassan told Reuters. View image on Twitter 25 people are talking about this Twitter Ads info and privacy Embed from Getty Images Hassan’s nomination is a big step forward for the country, which ranked the 10th worst in the world for women in 2018 in a World Economic Forum report and also appointed a man as minister for women in the last administration. Some of Lebanon’s religious laws currently dictate marriage, divorce, and inheritance, enforcing a patriarchal society that restricts women from receiving equal rights. Hassan, who previously served as the country’s finance minister, hopes that, in the future, women holding office isn’t considered unique. Nada Boustani Khoury, minister of energy and water, May Chidiac, minister of administration development, and Violette Safadi, minister of economic empowerment of women and youth, will work alongside her. Read More: Lebanon Is Campaigning For More Women In Parliament In her new role, Hassan plans to focus on helping domestic violence survivors, who face ongoing physical and mental challenges after suffering abuse. It’s estimated that 35% of women worldwide have experienced either physical or sexual intimate partner violence or sexual violence by a non-partner at some point in their lives. In the majority of countries with available data, less than 40% of the women who experience violence seek help. Lebanon passed the Law on the Protection of Women and Family From Domestic Violence in 2014 but it didn’t criminalize all forms of domestic violence, including marital rape. An unreliable criminal complaint process also stops many women from reporting their cases. "Police posts in every village or city of Lebanon have to listen to abused women and take in consideration women's complaints ... I will be strict about this issue," Hassan promises. Hassan is ready to take on Lebanon’s biggest security challenges. She’s also committed to supporting Lebanon’s large Syrian refugee population. Of Lebanon’s nearly 1 million Syrian refugees, 41% of the young women were married before the age of 18. Girls who enter child marriages are 50% more likely to face physical or sexual partner violence and stay out of school. “There are a lot of female interior and defense ministers in the world and they have proved their efficiency,” Hassan said. Now it’s her turn. TOPICSWomen & GirlsGovernmentLebanonWomen in office COMMENTS
  4. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    ALIMENTOS Y HAMBRE Restauró 240 millones de árboles en África occidental, y podrían ayudar a combatir el hambre "La naturaleza se curaría a sí misma, solo necesitamos dejar de explotarla". Por qué los Global Citizens deberían preocuparse La restauración de los bosques en todo el mundo puede aumentar la seguridad alimentaria, mejorar el acceso al agua y proteger a las comunidades de los peores efectos del cambio climático. Puedes unirte a nosotros para tomar medidas sobre este tema aquí. Tony Rinaudo estuvo a cargo del crecimiento de 240 millones de árboles en docenas de países, según informó recientemente The Guardian. El "Fabricante de bosques", como él mismo se autodenomina, llegó por primera vez a Níger desde Australia hace 30 años e intentó restaurar el paisaje devastado plantando tantos árboles como sea humanamente posible. Después de dos años, hizo pocos progresos y comenzó a reevaluar su modo de trabajo. Fue entonces cuando se dio cuenta de que podía trabajar en un método para mejorar el suelo, la poda regular de las ramas y la protección de los troncos cuando se araban los campos. "En ese momento, todo cambió", le dijo a The Guardian. "No necesitábamos plantar árboles, no se trataba de tener un presupuesto de varios millones de dólares y años para hacerlo, todo lo que necesitabas estaba en el terreno". "La naturaleza se curará a sí misma, solo tenemos que dejar de hacerle daño", agregó. El método de Rinaudo se conoce como regeneración natural administrada por el agricultor y permite que los bosques se desarrollen en condiciones difíciles. A medida que los árboles florecen, las comunidades aledañas obtienen un gran impulso en la seguridad alimentaria, la calidad del agua y la resistencia ante las tormentas. Image: World Vision A partir de 2013, Nigeria ha cultivado alimentos suficientes para alimentar a otros 2,5 millones de personas con la ayuda del método de Rinaudo, según informó World Vision. En Níger, donde Rinaudo comenzó con esta tarea, los agricultores vieron grandes mejoras en sus cosechas una vez que la red subterránea de árboles se afianzó. El año pasado, viajó al oeste de Afganistán para ayudar a los agricultores afectados por la sequía a restaurar los paisajes montañosos. La inseguridad alimentaria en Afganistán afecta a un tercio de la población. Ahora ha comenzado a divulgar su técnica de mejora del suelo y a hacer campaña en las Naciones Unidas para mejorar el manejo forestal en todo el mundo, informó The Guardian. A nivel mundial, se destruyen 18,7 millones de acres de bosques cada año, lo que equivale a perder 27 campos de fútbol por cada minuto, según datos de WWF. A medida que los árboles desaparecen de un área, la biodiversidad se desvanece, las sequías se vuelven más comunes y los paisajes se vuelven más vulnerables a las tormentas, inundaciones y deslizamientos de tierra. La deforestación también es un importante motor del cambio climático, ya que representa el 15% de las emisiones anuales de gases de efecto invernadero a medida que se libera el carbono almacenado en los árboles. Los principales impulsores de la deforestación son las tierras desmejoradas como consecuencia de la ganadería, la agricultura y el desarrollo, señaló WWF. Los incendios forestales y las plagas también son amenazas crecientes para los árboles a medida que las temperaturas aumentan en todo el mundo. Rinaudo cree que su método de regeneración de bosques puede ayudar en la lucha contra el cambio climático, al mismo tiempo que refuerza la seguridad alimentaria y la resistencia al agua. "Podemos hacer esto de un modo muy barato y rápido", le dijo a The Guardian.
  5. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    London Fashion Week Just Took a Stand on FGM and Women's Reproductive Rights Author: Imogen Calderwood Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Girls & Women Feb. 19, 2019 3 Why Global Citizens Should Care The United Nations' Global Goal 5 demands gender equality, including an end to discrimination against women and girls; an end to all violence against and exploitation of women and girls; and the elimination of forced marriages and genital mutilation. Natalie B Colman’s latest fashion collection helps carry the message of these vital goals, spreading awareness through clothes, art, and culture. Join the movement by taking action here to help empower women and girls around the world. Activism is in the air at London Fashion Week, which launched in the UK capital on Feb. 15. The five-day event is one of the world’s biggest international fashion showcases, and it’s the perfect platform to get social issues front and centre. Already we’ve seen climate change activists from Extinction Rebellion launch road blocks to protest unsustainable “fast fashion”, some of the country’s leading models stand with Grenfell survivors, and the first-ever London Fashion Week that’s gone entirely fur-free. Take Action: Not One More: Help Global Citizen End Female Genital Mutilation And on Sunday morning, as the capital rubbed its bleary Saturday night eyes, Global Citizen headed to Discovery Lab on the Strand to find out what exactly a fashion show inspired by 25 years of reproductive rights looks like. Beautiful, as it turns out. Highly symbolic, female-centric, full of strength, and inspired by a whole history of women’s handicrafts. Image: Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Irish-born Natalie B Colman is the designer behind the Autumn-Winter 2019 collection Sisters, created in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), with the aim of using fashion to help spread the message of universal sexual and reproductive rights. Colman has — since establishing a design studio and launching her label in 2011 — become known for collections that play on feminine silhouettes and her sometimes subversive illustrative prints and motifs, that have developed a strong female rhetoric. Sisters has a main line of about 20 pieces, Colman told Global Citizen, as we watched the models slowly rotate around the studio space against a backdrop of video content created by the UN’s Sexual and Reproductive Health Agency. Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Natalie B Colman SistersAW19 Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab 1 2 3 4 It’s all very “female-centric, skill-led in terms of there’s a lot of embroidery, lace making, handknit,” she continues. “It was a way of connecting women all over the world who use these female-centric skills to raise families, to make money. “Then we’ve got the underpinning commercial line, which has a lot of the motifs that are taken from the female body and flipped around and played with,” she added. “We’ve got a wedding dress … that’s got the whole reproductive system handmade on the sleeves, and then remade in a different kind of texture on the front.” Meanwhile, splashes of red on white dresses symbolise the fight to end female genital mutilation; black early 18th century wedding dresses represent the harmful practice of child marriage; and a repeating shield motif inspired by the basic meaning of the Latin word “vagina” being “sheath.” Related StoriesFeb. 1, 2019Mother Who Cut Her Daughter Is First Ever FGM Conviction in UK The collaboration with the UNFPA first began last year, and was inspired by Colman’s collection Guaranteed to Bleed, which was “basically about periods,” she says. The collaboration sees 10% of the profits from the Sisters collection go towards supporting the work of the UNFPA — but it’s about so much more than a financial link, and throughout the development of the collection Colman was “deeply engaged” with the UNFPA’s work to meet the critical need for family planning, to prevent maternal deaths, and to end harmful practices against women and girls. “With fashion, it kind of filters through, so it’s a way of people engaging, of telling a story, and [one] that they can also become a part of,” continues Colman. “People are making a conscious decision when they’re buying something, and the commercial line is also all sustainable, organic cotton.” Image: Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab “Just as the conscious consumer you’re buying something that has a story, or a narrative, behind it, so I think it’s very important,” she adds. The collection, she says, is highly influenced by the powerful bonds that exist between women and girls in our contemporary global society, and the partnership between Colman and the UNFPA aims to emphasise the importance of sisterhood in “times of rapid and turbulent change.” It works to highlight the collaborative power of sisterhood, the “coming together of women to mobilise and build support systems — to fulfil the promise of rights and choices for all.” The date of the show was also highly significant. Feb. 17 marked 25 years since the ground-breaking International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994, and 24 years since the Beijing Women’s Conference — both landmark events at which sexual and reproductive health became a fundamental human right, according to the UNFPA. Image: Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab Image: Mario Bertieri at Moderne Lab “She’s really taken all these harmful practices and inequalities that women face, and melded that with her fashion design to come up with this collection,” Matt Jackson, the UNFPA’s UK director, told Global Citizen at the show. “Fashion is everywhere, this is the way we can take the message of our mandate of the International Conference on Population and Development into people’s homes and hearts and people talk about fashion at school, work, with friends, in the home, so it’s a really good way of trying to expand the message and get it to reach everyone,” he said. Related StoriesFeb. 13, 2019UK Government Recommits to Ending Breast-Ironing of Young Girls Even now, 25 years on from ICPD, there are still numerous challenges in the fight to make sure that everyone has the right to sexual and reproductive health. According to the UNFPA, both women and men around the world are facing barriers that mean they aren’t able to access timely, respectful, quality care, and the information they need to ensure their sexual and reproductive health rights are met. To help make sure that everyone is able to enjoy this human right, we need to get talking about sex, reproduction, and choices for everyone. We need to be doing it all the time, at school, home, work, with your friends and family. And fashion is a great way to get started. Actúa: Sign Now Millions of Girls and Women Are Still the Victims of Genital Mutilation, Sign Our Petition to #LeveltheLaw and Put an End to This Horrible Practice Dear World Leaders, Recognizing that girls and women everywhere are disproportionately affected by poverty, violence and human rights violations, I urge you to champion the reform or repeal of laws that discriminate against girls and women, and the enactment of measures to outlaw discrimination and gender-based violence in order to achieve gender equality by 2030. An estimated 90% of all countries have at least one legal difference between women and men limiting women’s opportunities. In several countries, girls are restricted from attending school, forced into legally sanctioned child marriages and are not protected from violence and harmful practices, including female genital mutilation (FGM), despite their age. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS), which place girls and women at the core, provide a critical roadmap to deliver on SDG target 5.3 and eliminate all harmful laws, norms and practices that are a direct violation of girls and women’s human rights - including FGM. At least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of FGM, posing serious implications to their health, including high risk of HIV transmission and childbirth complications, and infringing on their autonomy and control over their lives. I welcome the global effort towards achieving this target, but urge for continued and accelerated progress to strengthen legal frameworks for girls and women and end FGM for good. 2 puntos para ganar
  6. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    GIRLS & WOMEN The Very Good Reason South Korean Women Are Giving Up Makeup and Cutting Their Hair "We are not dolls, we are human beings." South Korean university student Yim Ji-su poses for a photo during an interview in Seoul, South Korea January 11, 2019. Seulki Lee/Thomson Reuters Foundation By Seulki Lee SEOUL, Feb 19 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) — South Korean university student Yim Ji-su used to sacrifice up to two hours of sleep each morning for her laborious makeup routine — from applying foundation and concealer to perming her shoulder-length hair. But about six months ago, she joined a growing band of young women who have given up makeup and cut their hair short to rebel against long-held ideals of beauty they claim to have been subjected to in male-dominated South Korea. The phenomenon has sparked debate in the beauty-obsessed nation, and brands are rethinking their marketing strategies to cater to the growing movement. "We are not dolls, we are human beings," Yim, a third-year student in Korean literature told the Thomson Reuters Foundation from the capital Seoul. She was bare-faced and sporting a buzz cut. "By escaping this corset, I feel like I am myself again," she said, adding that a number of students at her campus have also jumped on the bandwagon. South Korea's wide range of skincare and cosmetic products has earned the industry the name "K-beauty", a term reminiscent of the moniker "K-pop" which refers to the booming pop music scene. South Korea has become one of the world's top 10 beauty markets, according to global market research firm Mintel, with many women taking it to the extreme of plastic surgery to reach uniform beauty standards. But it is also known as a socially conservative country — it has one of the worst gender wage gaps among developed nations, and is ranked 115 out of 149 countries in the World Economic Forum's 2018 Global Gender Gap report. Against this backdrop, discontent among women about society's patriarchal aspects has been slowly growing. 'I Would Kill Myself' Tens of thousands of women took to the streets in Seoul last year to protest against the spy-camera porn phenomenon, where victims were filmed illicitly when changing or having sex. Around the same time, a small group of women also began joining what is known as the "Escape the corset" movement, taking to social media to post images of themselves destroying their cosmetics. YouTube star Lina Bae used to offer makeup tutorials on the video sharing site, but in a viral video last June, she revealed the dark side of the rigid beauty standards and the ridicule she has had to suffer. In her video, which has attracted nearly 7 million views, Bae said some viewers told her "I would kill myself if I were you" and "Didn't know pig can make up". She said many women were so insecure about their own appearances that they have to put on makeup even for a short trip to nearby supermarkets. "I am not pretty but it is fine," said Bae, whose real name is Bae Eun-jeong, as she wipes away her bronze eyeshadow and red lipstick in the video. "I will not be able to wear this corset forever," she added. Despite the growing movement, analysts said the K-beauty sector is unlikely to be affected, and Mintel data showed it is expected to reach a retail market value of $11.4 billion in 2019, from $10.7 billion in 2018. Embed from Getty Images "(It) is a movement that is emerging among South Korea's younger generations today, but it is a trend that has not yet reached the mainstream public," said Hwa Jun Lee, a senior beauty analyst at Mintel in Seoul. But he warned brands not to take the trend lightly. Some companies have already begun responding to the growing movement by shifting away from the existing rigid beauty standards to emphasise minimalism, with "all-in-one" beauty products that simplify skincare routines, said Lee. Popular Korean cosmetics brand Missha, meanwhile, has featured a short-haired female model in one of its latest commercials, and other local brands like LAKA are the same. "While still in its nascent stage, it is important for brands to note that the 'Escape the corset' movement has the potential to grow further in the future," the analyst said. Sustained Effort Supporters of the movement said giving up makeup is only the start of a bigger push for greater gender equality, as South Korean women confront daily sexism. "It is about women's choice... The movement is about changing our everyday culture," said Shin Ji-ye, a 28-year-old politician who stole headlines last year when she ran for the post of Seoul mayor but lost. But campaigner Heather Barr said it would be a long haul for feminists in South Korea to achieve greater women's rights, including introducing stronger legislation against abuse and sexual harassment. "(It) will take a sustained effort, but they show no signs of giving up," said the senior women's rights researcher at global watchdog Human Rights Watch. (Writing and additional reporting by Beh Lih Yi @behlihyi; Editing by Jason Fields. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's and LGBT+ rights, human trafficking, property rights, and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org) TOPICSGender EqualityWomen's EmpowermentGender InequalitySouth KoreaBeauty StandardsMakeup
  7. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    AGRICULTURE Kenyan women have found a way to buy land, and make a profit 21 January 2019 4:52PM UTC | By: THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION JOIN Join the fight against extreme poverty EmailJoin This story was originally reported by Kagondu Njagi and edited by Robert Carmichael for the Thomson Reuters Foundation. For the women of Tuluroba village’s self-help group, the goal was simple: use their combined savings to buy cattle, fatten them and sell them to the beef industry for slaughter. But there was a problem. “We had no land to graze the cattle. Nor could we obtain a loan from a bank to buy land, because as women we do not own title deeds,” said Fatuma Wario, who chairs the 13-strong group. That is common. Few women in Kenya have land title documents, and few are getting them: since 2013, less than 2 percent of issued titles have gone to women, the Kenya Land Alliance, a non-profit, said in March 2018. And because getting a loan from a mainstream bank requires collateral – typically in the form of a land title document – most women are locked out of the chance to start a business. In the end, the women of the HoriJabesa group borrowed money from an institution that loans money to women’s groups without requiring land title. Instead, the cash from their savings underwrites the loan. In Wario’s case, that meant switching their savings account to the bank that was prepared to extend a $1,000 loan. Using that money and some of their savings, “we bought cattle and hired land to graze our stock”. That was in 2017. Doing so meant the group could rent 10 acres (4 hectares) of pasture at a cost of 30,000 Kenyan shillings (US$300) annually. Interest on the loan is 12 percent per year. In their first year they earned $10,000 from their investment – with each fattened head of cattle bringing in a US$30 profit. THOUSANDS BENEFIT The first step for Wario’s group was to become a partner with the Program for Rural Outreach of Financial Innovations and Technologies PROFIT, which is funded by the U.N International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). David Kanda, an adviser at the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation who has seen the impact PROFIT has had on women like Wario, said about 60 women’s groups in eastern Kenya alone were benefiting from the PROFIT program. “Apart from livestock enterprises, the programme also supports women to do poultry and bee-keeping on hired land.” The programme began in December 2010 and is scheduled to run until June this year. After that, it will be evaluated with an eye to continuing it, an official from AGRA said. Getting a loan requires that the person be an active member of an agribusiness network. She can then apply to a farmer-lending institution for a loan as an individual – in which case her share in the agribusiness network is her collateral – or with her group, as Wario’s collective did. The Agricultural Finance Corporation (AFC), a government agency, is one such lending institution. To date, said Millicent Omukaga, AFC’s head of operations, more than 40,000 women in Kenya have benefited from non-collaterised loans. None of those loans has gone bad. “Our aim is to double the number … of women beneficiaries. But the overall aim is to see them financially empowered so that they can fight for their land rights.” GRASS BOUNTY That has proven the case for Mabel Katindi, a widow who lives in Kathiani village in Machakos county, 195 kilometres south of Wario’s village. The 42-year-old lost her husband a decade ago. Since then she has had to fight off relatives trying to chase her and her three children from the one-acre plot she inherited. The problem is that her late husband did not have a title deed. As it is ancestral land, it fell under one title deed held by the eldest member of his family, she said. And without title, Katindi could not get a loan to finance money-earning ventures on her acre. “Our land is not very good for growing food crops because the rains are not enough. Feeding my children alone has been the most difficult task,” she said. But after joining the local women’s organisation in 2017, Katindi learned that, as an active member of the agribusiness group, she could use her share to apply for a loan. In March of that year she borrowed 50,000 shillings from a savings and credit cooperative, and used that to plant drought-resistant brachiaria grass on half an acre of her land. The grass has thrived, she said. “Demand for the grass is very high because it makes cattle produce a lot of milk. It also does not require a lot of rain to grow,” said Katindi. Each bale of grass earns up to 300 shillings, with the half-acre generating 100 bales each year. She uses the other half-acre to grow staple foods for the family. “My children are all in school. I do not have to worry about feeding them,” Katindi said, adding that the financial returns from the loan had also helped to mend relations with her late husband’s family. “I even use some of my money to support the relatives who wanted to chase me away from the land.” ONE welcomes the contributions of guest bloggers but does not necessarily endorse the views, programs, or organisations highlighted.
  8. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    The 'Salt Queen' working to transform the health of a nation By Eliza Mackintosh, CNN Photographs by Sarah Tilotta, CNN Editors Note: CNN is committed to covering gender inequality wherever it occurs in the world. This story is part of As Equals, an ongoing series. Fatick, Senegal — Marie Diouf, 35, is on her cellphone speaking swiftly in Wolof, a lyrical Senegalese language, as salt flies past her. Dressed in a red boubou, a long traditional robe, Diouf cuts a striking figure in an otherwise muted landscape encrusted in white. As the sun sets, casting an orange hue over the salt flats of Fatick, in southwestern Senegal, Diouf stands, hand on hip, surveying a group of sinewy young men chipping away at a hardened, crystallized mound. "When I saw other men who had their own land I thought, 'why not me?'" Diouf said, gesturing across the expansive plains, dotted with ancient baobab trees. In the distance, tucked away in fields of dry maize, is her village Ndiemou, which means "Salt" in the local Serer language. When Senegal privatized land in the area in 2000, Diouf became the first woman to invest. It was a bold move in the west African country, where women have limited access to property despite providing the vast majority of agricultural labor. During the high harvesting season, from February to April, the salt flats are scattered with hundreds of women toiling away in over 40 degrees Celsius (100 degree Fahrenheit), scooping the crystalline mineral into baskets later carried aloft on their heads. But they're not necessarily the ones to benefit financially from the production. Diouf walks along the edge of irrigation pools at her salt flat in Fatick. In the coming months, the water will evaporate, leaving salt behind. It's an inequity that didn't sit well with Diouf. "When I first started, men were telling me that I wasn't going to last in this business, but I would say to them that every job a man can do, a woman can too." Today, she employs dozens of women and men -- including her husband -- in her own micro-business, producing about four to five tons of salt daily in peak season by extracting water from a nearby river to evaporate on land. "At home my husband is the boss, but here, in the salt flats, it's me," Diouf said, breaking into an infectious laugh. Young men chip away at a hardened mount of salt on Diouf's land in Fatick. The same year Diouf leased her plot of land, a presidential decree mandated that all salt harvested in Senegal be iodized. It's a public health strategy widely considered to be the most effective way to prevent iodine deficiency, which can cause goiter (swollen thyroid glands in the neck), stunted growth and mental impairment -- health issues that had long plagued parts of Senegal. And it's cheap to do -- each ton of salt needs about 6 ounces of potassium iodate, which costs only $4.25. In most developed countries around the world, table salt has been fortified for nearly a century, which is why the concept of iodine deficiency is almost unheard of in places like the United States. But not here. Bags of iodized salt ready for distribution. Despite being the largest salt producer in West Africa (Senegal mines nearly 500,000 tons annually), iodine deficiency is still a stubborn problem across the country. Experts say that's down to quality control. Most Senegalese people get their salt from small scale artisanal harvesters, like Diouf, who make up about one-third of the country's overall production. But many fail to iodize their salt effectively. Those quality issues are why the Iodine Global Network, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and others are pushing for Senegal to pivot from supporting small scale producers to deploying iodized salt industrially instead: in processed foods, condiments and seasonings, such as stock cubes. Only 37% of Senegalese households have access to adequately iodized salt, according to a 2015 nationwide survey, and the situation is worse in rural areas. For comparison, approximately 70% of all households globally had access in 2013. And the need for iodine, which is critical to brain development, increases during pregnancy and infancy. In 2015, 30% of pregnant women in Senegal were iodine deficient, according to the same survey. Without the essential nutrient, they risk losing babies in miscarriages, or giving birth to children with permanent neurological damage. Even a slight deficiency can lower a child's I.Q. by 10 to 15 points. Men working for Diouf use an iodization machine donated by NGO Nutrition International to mix potassium iodate into the salt before packaging. Other than iodized salt, sources of iodine include seafood, as well as some dairy products and grains (depending on the soil where it's grown). But in rural regions of Senegal, those foods aren't always part of an average diet -- especially for those struggling with poverty and food security. So Diouf, supported by Canadian-based non-governmental organization Nutrition International, has taken on the mantle of local businesswoman and evangelist, going door-to-door to raise awareness about the importance of iodine. As a result, Marie's village, where she is known as "the queen of salt," seems to buck nationwide data that shows access to adequately iodized salt is lowest in harvesting areas. Marie Diouf outside her home in the village of Ndiemou, which means "Salt" in the local Serer language. Only 11% of populations living in salt harvesting regions have access to iodized salt, compared to 53% in urban areas, according to the 2015 government study. Adama Nguirane, the regional representative for the government's universal salt iodization project, says this disparity is down to a few factors, but chief among them is a lack of means. It's difficult to convince people to buy iodized salt when they can get it in their backyards for free. That's why it is critical to get women like Diouf involved in the supply chain, Nguirane says, because they're the ones cooking meals for their families and taking care of the children. "I believe in the development of my country and it's essential that we fix this problem for our children and our future," Nguirane said. "Marie is the model, and we rely on her to show us the way." Ndeye Faye, top left, and Seynabou Diouf, right, test salt for iodine content before sealing it in plastic bags, while Fatou Sarr, bottom left, looks on. Marie Diouf employs the women in her micro-business producing and packaging iodized salt. Menno Mulder-Sibanda, a senior nutrition specialist with the World Bank, which has a long-standing partnership with the Senegalese government, says that reducing iodine deficiency is an "essential" part of investing in the economic growth of a nation, and, given the limited agricultural promise of Senegal, the key driver of its future will be in new service-oriented businesses and technology. "There is a moral question, of not acting on something that is so, in a way, manageable," Mulder-Sibanda said. "Obviously salt iodization in a country like Senegal is tremendously difficult to implement as a public response. But it baffles me that we haven't moved on this issue." Aby Faye, 17, holds her two month old baby, Sokhna. Faye says she was aware of the importance of iodine during pregnancy thanks to Marie's campaigning in their village. Pape Coumb Ndoffene Faye, the headteacher at the village's elementary school, says he has noticed a big difference in his students' achievement as a result of Diouf's work. "Since the project began, I know children have been getting iodized salt at home and in the canteen here, and mental capacity has improved," Faye says, adding that the school now ranks fourth out of 31 for test results in the region. Faye, who has been working as headteacher since 2004, adds: "If we look at it as a curve, it's been going up since I started." Pape Coumb Ndoffene Faye, headteacher of Ndiemou's primary school, calls on students during a French lesson. Diouf has high hopes for her 13-year-old daughter Fatou, a graduate of Ndiemou elementary. She now walks about 2.5 miles to her middle school each morning. Diouf wants to see her become a powerful CEO, a diplomat, or even the first female president, one day. Her aspirations may be high, but they feel attainable. President of Senegal Macky Sall was born in the city of Fatick, just 5 miles from Ndiemou, where he served as Mayor from 2009 to 2012. Local people here have a lot of pride in his success, but the region has changed little since his time in office -- it's still among the poorest in Senegal. Marie's daughter Fatou, backpack in tow, sets off early one morning for school. Elsewhere in the country, however, Sall's vision for the future looks bright. On the road to Fatick from Dakar, Senegal's investment in technology and services is embodied in the promise of a glittering, futuristic city: Diamniadio. It's the crown jewel in Sall's Emerging Senegal plan, which aims to alleviate poverty and get Senegal on the road to development by 2035. Critics have called the $2 billion urban center a vanity project for Sall, who is running for reelection in February. In any case, it's clear that if basic levels of nutrition aren't delivered in places like Fatick, parts of the population will be left behind on Senegal's road to economic fulfillment. Still, Diouf is hopeful. "Macky Sall won't be here forever, we want our children to be prepared to replace him." Meissa Seck contributed to this report from Fatick. The As Equals reporting project is funded by the European Journalism Centre via its Innovation in Development Reporting Grant Programme. Click here for more stories like this.
  9. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    ❄️❄️❄️ Vespa
  10. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    👏🏾👏🏾👏🏾👏🏾 #BlackHistoryMonth
  11. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    By Imogen Calderwood MAY 22, 2018 GIRLS & WOMEN 11-Year-Old Meghan Markle Has a Feminist Message You Need to Hear She tackled her concerns about sexism head-on. When Meghan Markle shut down her lifestyle website shortly before announcing her engagement to Prince Harry, it sparked concerns among fansthat her new enrolment into the British monarchy would curb her calling out sexism wherever she saw it. But it looks like Markle — now the Duchess of Sussex — has no intention of letting herself be silenced. Her official profile on the royal family's website went live this week, and it made perfectly clear her continued commitment to gender equality. Take action: Sign This Petition to #LevelTheLaw and Empower Girls and Women Around the World And, judging by this interview from 1993, 11-year-old Markle would be so proud. The footage shows her on Nickelodeon’s children’s news programme "Nick News," speaking about her first foray into activism. It all came about after she saw an advert for dish shop, with the slogan: “Women all over America are fighting greasy pots and pans.” When she saw the advert at school, and two boys in her class joked that women "belong" in the kitchen, she reportedly went home and told her parents. Her father then suggested she write a letter "to the most powerful people" about it. Read more: Meghan Markle Set to Break This Sexist Tradition at Wedding to Prince Harry Her letter went to Procter & Gamble, the company behind the advert, as well as to First Lady Hillary Clinton, women’s rights lawyer Gloria Allred, and "Nick News" anchor Linda Ellerbee. And it worked — she got "women" changed to "people." "I don’t think it is right for kids to grow up thinking that Mom does everything,” Markle says in the video, which was found by Inside Edition and rerun by TV programme NickSplat in honour of the wedding this weekend. “It’s always 'Mom does this,' and 'Mom does that.'” “I said, 'Wait a minute, how could somebody say that?'” she continues. “Just about one out of every three commercials is going to say something that’s going to hurt somebody’s feelings.” Read more: Meghan Markle Spoke About #MeToo and Everyone Needs to Hear Her Message She added: "If you see something that you don’t like or offended by on television or any other place, write letters and send them to the right people and you can really make a difference, for not just yourself but for lots of other people." Preach. Markle told the story of her first experience of driving positive change when she spoke at the United Nations in 2015, as a UN ambassador for women’s rights. "It just wasn't right and something needed to be done," she said in the speech. "At the age of 11, I created my small level of impact by standing up for equality." Read more: 5 Issues We Want Meghan Markle to Tackle as a Royal Global Citizen campaigns to achieve the UN’s Global Goals, which include action on gender equality. We believe that the more women with public platforms who can speak out about feminism and raise awareness around gender discrimination, the better. Procter & Gamble is a partner of Global Citizen, working to achieve a world free from gender bias. You can find out more about the work P&G is doing to advance gender equality around the world here. TOPICSGender EqualityGender DiscriminationFeminismUKBritainPrince HarryHarry & MeghanRoyal FamilyMeghan MarkleFeminist COMMENTS
  12. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    By Sophie Maes JAN. 8, 2019 22 EDUCATION This Bus Provides Education and Hope to Homeless Children in Iraq Half of primary school-aged children who miss out on education live in areas affected by conflict. Why Global Citizens Should Care Around the world, 265 million children are unable to attend school due to armed conflict, natural disasters, and poverty. To end extreme poverty, access to quality education must be treated as a fundamental human right. The Iraqi Children Foundation is helping homeless children get back into the classroom. Join us in taking action here to promote education for all. Dozens of homeless children in Iraq are back in school thanks to the "Hope Bus" — a city bus that has been converted into vibrant learning environment, BuzzFeed reports. Launched by the Iraqi Children Foundation in 2017, the Hope Bus served more than 117 children in its first year of operation. And it is continuing to make a major impact on the lives of homeless, orphaned, and displaced children in one of Baghdad's poorest neighborhoods. Take Action: Tweet at Japan's Foreign Minister to End NTDs and Fund Education in Emergencies Complete with colorful desks, school supplies, and a blackboard, the bus fits 50 to 55 students at a time. Because of the Hope Bus, children who were unable to go to school because of the war are now learning to read, write, and do math on the repurposed vehicle. But the Hope Bus is more than a classroom — it also provides the city's most vulnerable children with nutrition, health care, and social services. After seeing the success of the first Hope Bus, Iraqi Children Foundation is investing in a second bus, with the hope of bringing tutoring and essential services to more kids in need. Read More: This Global Teacher Prize Finalist Is Revolutionising Literacy in South Africa An estimated 800,000 children were left orphaned after the Iraq War and approximately 1.3 million have been displaced due to violence by ISIS. Growing up around armed conflict makes it difficult for children to attend school and puts their development at risk. Globally, 265 million children cannot attend school due to active conflict, natural disasters, and poverty. Approximately 22% are of those children are primary school-aged, and half live in areas affected by war and conflict, according to the United Nations. Access to quality education is essential for eradicating extreme poverty. The UN has set the goal of ensuring that all of the world's children have equal access to education by 2030. Accomplishing this goal will demand both global action and community-based initiatives like the Hope Bus to ensure that children receive quality education, even under the most challenging circumstances. TOPICSAccess to EducationIraqEducation Equity COMMENTS
  13. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    By Joe McCarthy APRIL 24, 2018 9 ENVIRONMENT Mass Death of Baby Penguins in New Zealand Points to Climate Change The birds starved to death. When scientists opened the stomachs of 11 young penguins that washed up on beaches in northern New Zealand, 10 had nothing in their guts and one had a small amount of grass, according to the South China Morning Post. It was a stark confirmation that these birds — and scores of others — had starved to death. Over the past two weeks, New Zealand’s Department of Conservation’s Tauranga office has received at least 58 calls of little penguins washing up on the shores of Omaha Beach and Tawharanui Peninsula during a record marine heat wave and tropical storms in the Tasman Sea, SCMP reports. Take Action: Stand Up for the Arctic The penguins were all emaciated, a clear sign of starvation, and follow-up analysis by a team at Massey University proved that most of the penguins had entirely depleted their fat reserves and were beginning to digest muscle, according to the New Zealand Herald. This mass starvation, according to the scientists, is because of freak weather patterns driven by climate change that made it hard for the penguins to find food after “moulting,” when birds shed feathers to make room for new growth. See EcoInternet's other Tweets “We are concerned that with climate disruption causing high sea temperatures, summer storms could become more common and what has been previously seen as a one in 20-year event could become more frequent,” Dr. Karen Baird, forest and bird expert, told SCMP. Read More: Fishing Companies Are Trying to Hide How Penguins Are Showing Up Dead in Their Nets “Populations like little blue penguins and other species can recover from infrequent bad events by breeding, but if it happens much more frequently, the population doesn’t get a chance to recover,” she said. The scientists fear that the collected corpses are just the tip of the iceberg and that many more birds have been killed or are threatened by the extreme conditions, SCMP notes. Hundreds of other animals, including shearwaters, petrels, fair prions, and shags, washed on shores in recent weeks as well, additional casualties of the heat wave and storms. The penguin sightings, however, were strange enough to spur local residents to notify the Department of Conservation who then investigated the situation. All around the world, bird species are being endangered by environmental degradation, with more than 1,476 threatened with extinction. Read More: 1,500 Bird Species Are Facing Extinction Thanks to Climate Change The scientists at the Department of Conservation said that the debilitating heat wave was so extreme that it goes beyond predictions for 2050, suggesting that the climate change is intensifying climatic patterns more deeply than previously thought. “I think it’s a wake-up call that we can’t expect always to have penguins, unless we start to think more about how we can actively manage them,” Baird said. Global Citizen campaigns on the United Nations’ Global Goals, which call on countries to protect biodiversity. You can take action on this issue here. TOPICSEnvironmentclimate changeCurrent eventsMarine lifeNew ZealandBirdsHeat wavePenguins
  14. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    MEDIO AMBIENTE Esta botella de agua se disuelve si entra en contacto con el océano Una solución especial para aquellos lugares donde aún no se recicla. Por qué es importante para los Global Citizens Las empresas están compitiendo para encontrar alternativas sostenibles al plástico para reducir los niveles de contaminación global, el número 12 de los Objetivos Globales de las Naciones Unidas. Puedes unirte a nosotros para tomar medidas sobre este tema aquí. Cerca de la mitad de mil millones de botellas plásticas de agua se compran y consumen cada año, y menos del 7% se reciclan como botellas de agua nuevas. Esto significa que cientos de miles de millones de botellas de agua se desvían como desechos hacia los flujos de agua anualmente, y un porcentaje de este total finalmente ingresa a los océanos del mundo, donde representa una amenaza existencial para la vida marina. Ahora, una nueva empresa llamada Cove quiere que este escenario sea mucho menos perjudicial para el medio ambiente. Cove ha patentado una botella de agua compostable que se disuelve si alguna vez entra en contacto con un cuerpo de agua o llega a un vertedero. “Realmente no tenemos tiempo. Probablemente tenemos menos de 30 años, o tendremos un océano lleno de más plástico que peces. Si bien los esfuerzos de limpieza son realmente importantes, también necesitamos detener la cantidad de plástico que entra en nuestro entorno, especialmente el plástico de un solo uso", dijo Alex Totterman, fundador de Cove, a Fast Company. La botella de agua Cove está hecha de un biopolímero llamado PHA que proviene de una bacteria fermentadora. Una vez que se ha conformado como producto final, el material de PHA actúa como una botella de agua de plástico normal, pero una vez que interactúa con las bacterias naturales ubicadas en ambientes silvestres, comienza a descomponerse. “El PHA es el único polímero que es totalmente biodegradable en todas las condiciones", dijo. "Por lo tanto, es como eludir la necesidad del sistema de reciclaje que tenemos". Totterman dijo a Fast Company que ideó esta alternativa porque la gente ha crecido confiando en la conveniencia de las botellas de plástico. Aunque muchos consumidores han optado por botellas reutilizables, la cantidad de botellas de agua de un solo uso vendidas aumenta cada año, lo que sugiere que la conveniencia a menudo prevalece sobre las consideraciones de sostenibilidad. La botella de Cove puede satisfacer el hábito en el camino de recoger rápidamente algo para beber en una tienda, al tiempo que elimina el riesgo ambiental de la contaminación plástica. El sistema de reciclaje global ha sido objeto de un intenso escrutinio en los últimos años por su incapacidad para manejar el volumen de residuos que se producen cada año. En lugar de mejorar estos sistemas, el producto de Cove podría ayudar a muchos países a ir más allá de lo que se percibe como un modelo roto. Cove Las primeras botellas de agua de Cove llegarán al mercado de Los Ángeles el 28 de febrero y la compañía planea expandirse en los próximos meses y años. También planea abastecerse de agua de manera sostenible y ética. Otras alternativas plásticas han surgido en los últimos años. Actúa: Firma ahora 1 punto United StatesUnited KingdomGermanyCanadaAustraliaAfghanistanÅland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCabo VerdeCambodiaCameroonCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo (the Democratic Republic of the)Cook IslandsCosta RicaCôte d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands [Malvinas]Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambia (The)GeorgiaGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuamGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHoly See [Vatican City State]HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMicronesia (the Federated States of)MoldoviaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorth KoreaNorthern Mariana IslandsNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPalestine, State ofPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarRéunionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint BarthélemySaint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth KoreaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuelaVietnamVirgin Islands (British)Virgin Islands (U.S.)Wallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabwe Por ejemplo, una marca de cerveza reemplazó los anillos de plástico de seis paquetes con pegamento reciclable, también se creó una alternativa de envoltura de plástico con conchas y plantas, y los científicos inventaron una bolsa de comestibles que los animales pueden comer. Actualmente, una de las principales marcas de bienes de consumo está en marcha para encontrar alternativas sostenibles al plástico. Por ejemplo, compañías como Procter & Gamble, Nestlé, Unilever y PepsiCo Inc. anunciaron recientemente que pilotearán un programa de contenedores reutilizables para varios productos que se recolectarán y reutilizarán regularmente. Otras empresas se están deshaciendo del plástico por completo. Las compañías hoteleras, aerolíneas, restaurantes, tiendas de artículos para el hogar, supermercados y marcas de ropa han anunciado planes para eliminar los plásticos de un solo uso. Mientras tanto, más de 60 países han restringido la producción de plástico de alguna manera, y lugares como la Unión Europea buscan eliminar completamente los microplásticos. Por su parte, Cove no está tratando de acaparar el mercado y ocultar sus innovaciones. En cambio, Totterman dijo que espera que las compañías busquen asociaciones. "Estamos construyendo con la plena intención de ver la transición de estas grandes empresas para trabajar con nosotros o con la PHA", dice Totterman. "Y tenemos que trabajar con ellas. No somos el enemigo". "Estamos tratando de equipar a las personas con las herramientas para superar este problema", agregó. TEMASCurrent eventsPlastic pollutionPlasticSustainabilityPlastic wasteFinance & innovationplasticosustentabilidadCompostBiodegradableBiodegradable packaingCompostablebotella plastico biodegradable
  15. tan_lejos_tan_cerca

    The Action Thread Part Two

    GIRLS & WOMEN This Mom Died Delivering Her Child After Waiting Seven Hours for Medical Care Black mothers are 243% more likely than white mothers to die from pregnancy complications Why Global Citizens Should Care Black mothers are 243% more likely than white mothers to die from pregnancy or complications related to childbirth in the US. This is because of socioeconomic factors and racism that permeates the medical industry. You can help by taking action here. "We walked in for what we expected to be the happiest day of our life. And we walked straight into a nightmare," Charles Johnson V recently told 11alive, an NBC affiliate, on Oct. 19. Johnson was describing the day he unexpectedly lost his wife, two years ago, during childbirth. Now he’s an advocate for better maternal health care, particularly for black women in the US, and speaking out about pregnancy-related deaths. Kira Johnson waited seven hours for emergency medical assistance in extreme pain, shaking and crying, according to 11alive. She eventually died from post-childbirth complications, and although her death is devastatingly personal to her family, her story is tragically common. Take Action: Urge Leaders to Step up For Women's Rights and Health More women die from pregnancy-related complications in the US than any other developed country, and the US is the only developed country where the mortality rate has been increasing, according to an investigation by NPR and ProPublica. For every 100,000 births in the US, 26 mothers died in 2015 according to the Global Burden of Disease Study. This is compared to nine in the UK, seven in Canada, and four in Sweden, Italy, and Denmark. But these health risks are not felt equally, throughout the US, black women are far more likely to die from childbirth than white women. Black women are three to four more times more likely to die during childbirth compared to white women, according to the CDC. This racial disparity gap is wider today than it was in 1850, which was fifteen years before the end of slavery and over 100 years before the Civil Rights Movement. Black women are 49% more likely to have a premature birth than white mothers, and white infants are twice as likely to live to see their first birthday than black babies. Read More: Why More Mothers Appear to Be Dying in the United States And while poverty is a major factor in these stastics — black women living in poverty face economic barriers that can prevent them from getting proper medical care, according to NPR — it's far from the only factor at play. Black women are also more likely to be uninsured and start using Medicaid during their pregnancy. This causes them to receive prenatal care later and to lose medical coverage after the delivery. But the problem isn't just access to medical care, it's also the quality of care black women receive. Influential black women, from Serena Williams to Beyoncé, have recently spoken out about how racial bias affects the medical care they receive. A black woman with an advanced degree is still more likely to have a miscarriage or infant death than a white woman with less than an eighth-grade education. Thirty-three percent of black women feel like they have been discrimiated against because of their race when visiting a doctor or health clinic, and 21% have avoided seeking medical care because they fear they will be discriminated against. Even women with access to the most elite health care face challenges. Williams spoke out about how she had to tell her doctors about a blood clot that they missed, possibly saving her own life in the process. She experienced a pulmonary embolism, a large hematoma in her abdomen, and a ripped C-section wound that tore as the blood clot caused her to cough. She spent six weeks on bed rest to recover. Read More: Serena Williams’ Scary Childbirth Story Is Part of a Larger Pattern of Discrimination Against Black Moms Beyoncé revealed in Vogue that she also experienced pregnancy complications. She was put on bed rest for over a month before delivering her twins and then had to have an emergency C-section because she and her children’s health were in jeopardy. She suffered from preeclampsia, “a pregnancy complication that involves high blood pressure and protein in the urine.” While the condition affects only about 3.4% of pregnancies, it is 60% more common in African American women than white women. Black women in the US have higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity which can affect pregnancy mortality, but hospitals in areas with high African American populations are often of a lower quality than those in white areas and may be less equipped to deal with these conditions. This year, Charles Johnson filed a medical malpractice lawsuit against Cedars-Sinai, the hospital where his wife passed away. He claims that the staff did not respond to Kira’s condition in a timely manner. The hospital responded in a statement saying “Cedars-Sinai strongly agrees with Mr. Johnson and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists that no mother should die giving birth. Based on our findings, we make any changes that are needed so that we can continue to provide the highest quality care to our patients.” Johnson and his mother have created 4Kira4Moms a campaign that advocates for better health care for mothers. They’re also lobbying for new legislation to improve the review process for pregnancy-related deaths and complications. TOPICSwomen and girlschildbirthbirthhealthafrican americanspregancycitizenshipblack womenmortality ratesblackafrican american women